Heavy Fuel Oil

  • At a recent meeting of The Society of Marine Port Engineers of New York, a paper entitled "ALCAP—A Separation System for High-Density Fuel Oils" was presented by Michael Stepanovich, marketing manager for Alfa-Laval, Inc. The following paragraphs are excerpts from his paper.

    The quality of heavy fuel oil burned in diesel engines on-board ships and in power stations is changing worldwide due mainly to increased demand, increased severity of refining techniques, and heavier crude oils. One consequence of this change in quality has been an increased requirement for efficient cleaning in order to achieve reliable and economical operation of diesel engines burning low-grade, heavy fuel oils. Another consequence, and by far the most important from a cleaning standpoint, has been the increase in fuel density.

    In anticipation of these developments, Alfa-Laval has been engaged in research and development activities aimed towards producing a cleaning system that would not only be capable of handling heavy fuel oils with densities above the currently accepted limits, but would also be simple, reliable, and essentially maintenance-free.

    Alfa-Laval's goal was to develop a separator system based on a conventional partial discharge clarifier design, thereby doing away with the need for gravity discs. In addition, the system had to have the capability to monitor the water content in the bowl and to drain away this accumulated water without necessarily initiating a sludge discharge.

    In response to this need, in May 1983 Alfa-Laval introduced its ALCAP separation system, which is said to represent an entirely new approach to the treatment of heavy fuel oil. The system features a new line of FOPX separators that have no gravity discs. Fuel oils with densities up to 1,010 kilograms per cubic meter at 15 C can be cleaned efficiently.

    Operation is simple, as no adjustments of the cleaning plant are required despite fluctuations in density, viscosity, flow rate, or other factors.

    "In conclusion," said Mr. Stepanovich, "after extensive testing, the ALCAP separation system has proven to be more efficient than traditional purifiers or clarifiers, especially in cases where the oil is heavily contaminated with water. As the ALCAP system does not utilize gravity discs, no adjustments to the cleaning plant are necessary.... Finally, due to its retrofit capability, ALCAP offers a solution to the problem of efficiently cleaning highdensity fuels both now and in the future." For a copy of the paper, Circle 12 on Reader Service Card

  • Emulsification module. Drew Marine's homogenizer is a milling machine equipped with concentric, cone-shaped gears with toothed surfaces that grind heavy fuel oil as it is pumped through the handling system. Drew Marine supports the homogenizer through a unique program of comprehensive fuel management

  • with dozens of successful installations on a worldwide basis. Blender Ace is a fuel mixing system which provides a blend of marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil designed to maximize fuel cost savings. It is easy to install and has virtually no moving parts. Blender Ace uses a static mix ing unit which

  • IMO® Pump Division, Monroe, N.C., Transamerica Delaval Inc., has developed a unit to blend heavy fuel oil with diesel oil in order to lower power costs of running ship service diesel generator sets and other auxiliary engines. Normally, the use of blended fuel presents logistics problems and

  • — L i t e r a t u r e Available A high-tech method to remove water and impurities from heavy fuel oil, improve engine performance, and prevent diesel breakdowns are features of Centrico's product line. Westfalia oil-purifying centrifuges, including the automatic, self-cleaning model OSA 20 and the

  • 5100 is specially formulated cylinder oil designed to mitigate the effects of cold corrosion in new design two-stroke marine engines operating on heavy fuel oil. Mobilgard 5100 joins Mobilgard 560 VS and Mobilgard 570 as the latest addition to ExxonMobil’s range of world class cylinder oils, each engineered

  • Engineers, Mikael Ugander, manager, Mineral Oil Division, Alfa-Laval, Inc. presented a paper titled The Treatment and Cleaning of Modern Low-Grade Heavy Fuel Oils. The meeting was held at American Bureau of Shipping headquarters in New York City. The paper addressed the impact of modern, low-grade heavy fue

  • Tankers London Limited. The ship, which has been renamed Texaco Windsor, was handed over in Singapore recently. The tanker will carry crude oil or heavy fuel oils in worldwide trade. The Texaco Windsor was built in Japan by the Aioi shipyard of Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. for

  • Two 16-cylinder "Enterprise" R«5 medium-speed engines burning heavy fuel will provide the main propulsion for each of two new oceanographic research ships now under construction by Bethlehem Steel Corp., Sparrows Point, Md. The contract with Transamerica Delaval, Inc., Oakland, Calif., includes the

  • Power Research Inc. (PRI) is a manufacturer of industrial grade fuel treatments designed to treat heavy fuel oil, diesel and gasoline. Founded in 1985, PRI chemistries incorporate proprietary thermal stability technologies that permit cleaner combustion, reduced emissions, and prevention of deposits

  • Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted regulations in October of 2009 under Marpol’s Annex VI requiring significant reductions in sulfur contained in the heavy fuel oils. The limit declines to 0.1 % on January 1, 2015 in the Emission Control Areas (ECAs). Nitrogen Oxide reductions take place in 2020 with the ECAs

  • turbine is not ideal. Available from 4 to 17.3 eMW per module, the Cat Offshore Power Generation Module is designed to run on liquid, diesel, crude and heavy fuel oil, gas or in dual fuel mode and meets current and future emission regulations to maximize flexibility and reduce operating costs. www.catoilandgasinfo

  • MR Nov-19#84 P
PRODUCTS HEAVY LIFT & DECK MACHINERY
timated 390 tons)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 84

    P PRODUCTS HEAVY LIFT & DECK MACHINERY timated 390 tons and reach of more than optional 670 HP (500 kW) electric drive Sennebogen SENNEBOGEN will deliver the ? rst 130 feet, the 895 E is the largest material motor. It’s offered with a choice of three of its new 895 E Series model to North handler

  • MR Nov-19#83  of the Modular 
design with a Heavy Duty Hagglunds 
Caliper)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 83

    Winch and render when overloaded. Compact Appleton Marine, Inc. Tugpins of Schiedam, Holland, is in the development phase of the Modular design with a Heavy Duty Hagglunds Caliper Escort Winch. As explained by Marco Beukers, Managing Director, motor. The Diamond shaft was de- Tugpins (pictured), “the

  • MR Nov-19#82 P
PRODUCTS HEAVY LIFT & DECK MACHINERY
Cimolai Technology)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 82

    P PRODUCTS HEAVY LIFT & DECK MACHINERY Cimolai Technology Heavy Lift to Assist Shipbuilding Operations Images: Cimolai Technology imolai Technology Spa, the a span of 60 m and height of 60 m and Cimolai Technology Spa has been also lifting platform or used independently Italian company specialized

  • MR Nov-19#81 V
VESSELS 
and the 18th built as part of the teaming  USS)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 81

    V VESSELS and the 18th built as part of the teaming USS Delaware (BB 28), which was de- 2013. The submarine was christened by VLCC with New SOx agreement with General Dynamics Elec- livered by Newport News in 1910. Jill Biden, the former Second Lady of Scrubber Delivered tric Boat. More than 10

  • MR Nov-19#80 V
VESSELS PATROL CRAFT
Damen Patrol Vessels for Offshore)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 80

    V VESSELS PATROL CRAFT Damen Patrol Vessels for Offshore Nigeria amen recently delivered a companies. Features of the 33m vessels four weeks and travel 1,200 nm in and ity and cost effectiveness to the bene? t pair of FCS 3307 high-spec include Damen’s trademark Axe Bow around Nigeria’s coastal and

  • MR Nov-19#79 V
VESSELS 
45m Cat for AZAM
18 Meter Fire-Floats 
for)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 79

    V VESSELS 45m Cat for AZAM 18 Meter Fire-Floats for Bangladesh Robert Allan Ltd. has delivered a design of two unique ? re-? oats to Khulna Shipyard Ltd. in Bangladesh. The boats will measure 18.9 m x 5.3 m with a special hard chine semi-displacement hull designed for river service and ? tted with

  • MR Nov-19#78 V
VESSELS 
Sovcom?  ot Names New 
Seaspan Shipyard Delivers)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 78

    V VESSELS Sovcom? ot Names New Seaspan Shipyard Delivers OFSV Arctic Shuttle Tanker On October 6, 2019, a naming and ? ag raising ceremo- ny was held in Vladivostok for Sovcom? ot’s latest Arctic shuttle tanker. The vessel was named after Mikhail Laza- rev, a prominent Russian admiral and explorer

  • MR Nov-19#75 E
EMISSION REDUCTION TECH FILES
AMETEK Land Emissions)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 75

    E EMISSION REDUCTION TECH FILES AMETEK Land Emissions Monitoring AMETEK Land, a provider of combus- tion ef? ciency and environmental pollutant emissions monitoring instrumentation, has launched two new continuous emission mon- itoring systems (PM-CEMS) to provide accu- rate and reliable measurement of

  • MR Nov-19#74 E
EMISSION REDUCTION TECH FILES
Schottel Propulsion for)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 74

    E EMISSION REDUCTION TECH FILES Schottel Propulsion for Emission-Free Push Boat The agreement between Wärtsilä and Norsepower will pro- mote the use of Rotor Sails & support sustainable shipping. Wärtsilä, Norsepower Sign Agreement The technology group Wärtsilä and Norsepower, a provider of low maintenance

  • MR Nov-19#72 , 
the continued use of heavy sulphur fuel 
oil with)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 72

    when the volume of demand for LSFO after 1 January 2020 is taken into account. The SINTEF study concluded that from well-to-wake, the continued use of heavy sulphur fuel oil with an exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS) – a scrubber – actually offered the best way to meet the IMO’s GHG emissions targets

  • MR Nov-19#71 S
SHIPMANAGEMENT FLAG
 “As a shipping company that is)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 71

    S SHIPMANAGEMENT FLAG “As a shipping company that is part of an oil company, our pri- mary role is managing marine risk, our secondary role is trans- porting oil.” Steve Herron, GM of Fleet Operations, Chevron Shipping Photo: Chevron and develop. A certain trust has devel- tal regulations adopted by the

  • MR Nov-19#70 S
SHIPMANAGEMENT FLAG
Chevron Shipping 
& Unlocking the)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 70

    S SHIPMANAGEMENT FLAG Chevron Shipping & Unlocking the Value of Flag Photo: Chevron hoosing which Flag to register ment to ‘doing the right thing’. some commercial shipping companies’ to minimize risk requires partnering your ships with is not a deci- Herron has seen ? rst-hand how sail- choice of ?

  • MR Nov-19#68 VOICES BORIANA FARRAR, VP, SENIOR CLAIMS EXECUTIVE &)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 68

    VOICES BORIANA FARRAR, VP, SENIOR CLAIMS EXECUTIVE & COUNSEL, AMERICAN P&I CLUB Boriana enjoys giving back to the community which has sup- ported her throughout her ca- reer, pictured here with Martin Davies, the head of the Admiralty Law Center at her alma mater Tulane Law School, where she recently

  • MR Nov-19#65 VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE,)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 65

    VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE, LLOYD’S REGISTER what we believe will be prototype ves- LR research suggests that the cheap- as weather routing but these can only Digitalization has also enabled LR to sels, contracted and constructed in the est zero carbon fuels are going to be go

  • MR Nov-19#64 VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE,)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 64

    VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE, LLOYD’S REGISTER 5 minutes with LR’s Nick Brown By Greg Trauthwein “LR research suggests that the cheap- est zero carbon fuels are going to be at least double the price of fuels today.” Nick Brown, Lloyd’s Register Photo: Lloyd’s Register To kick things

  • MR Nov-19#63  to the seabed, con-
ventional heavy-lift strand jacks which)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 63

    be fully assembled onshore, including the turbine, and then towed to the installation site where, after ballasting the GBS to the seabed, con- ventional heavy-lift strand jacks which are reused to lift one tower level after the other, lifting two sections weighing a total 960-tonne into their ? nal positions

  • MR Nov-19#62  the cranes’ booms have  Seaway Heavy Lifting) and DEME  dustry)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 62

    also asked Seaway 7 (formerly slip joint connection concept in the in- ect stakeholders Eneco and Heerema basin. Moreover, the cranes’ booms have Seaway Heavy Lifting) and DEME dustry. Marine Contractors in 2016. The concept been upgraded with a 20-meter boom Group for their views, but neither com- The

  • MR Nov-19#60  developers have already  ping Heavy Industry in China. The)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 60

    on order from COSCO Ship- +10MW will become a challenge for all they need to be lifted 130-140 meters up Indeed, some developers have already ping Heavy Industry in China. The new- installation vessels currently available in to the air, so hoist distance is an issue. been seeking consent to use 20MW

  • MR Nov-19#59  vessels and other balance  heavy components. Some nacelle)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 59

    100-meter-long-plus blades and Arnstein Eknes, segment director for er at zero subsidy.” But, a faster design today in these vessels and other balance heavy components. Some nacelle com- Offshore Service Vessels in classi? ca- cycle means that the broader industry of plant equipment, there may be a bottle

  • MR Nov-19#57 ENVIRONMENTAL GREEN SHIP RECYCLING
Furthermore, all of)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 57

    ENVIRONMENTAL GREEN SHIP RECYCLING Furthermore, all of this material can be torious harmful shipbreaking operations, give them business. So there has to be a an actual ship recycling project to ? nd traced downstream to a licenced disposal it appears that the desirability of ship balance. You cannot

  • MR Nov-19#53 Visit us 
at IWBS 
booth 
#????
POWERFUL 
INSIGHTS INTO)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 53

    Visit us at IWBS booth #???? POWERFUL INSIGHTS INTO YOUR FLEET’S PERFORMANCE The market-leading FUELTRAX smart, self-contained fuel management solution connects you to every vessel, anywhere in the world. Accurate and secure data insights, delivered in real-time, enable you to make informed decisions

  • MR Nov-19#47  environment.  The  heavy icebreakers to provide)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 47

    to perform a range of missions in said the Coast Guard needs at least three aircraft, both manned and unmanned, a very inhospitable environment. The heavy icebreakers to provide the ability USCGC Polar Sea (WAGB 11) and perform virtually all of the Coast Arctic region yields extremely cold air to operate

  • MR Nov-19#46  operational, nuclear-powered heavy  Guard Forum and Paci)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 46

    such as the Arctic Council, Arctic Coast aren’t a lot of viable alternatives. will strengthen the rules-based order; four operational, nuclear-powered heavy Guard Forum and Paci? c Coast Guard The Polar-class icebreakers are the and third, we will innovate and adapt to icebreakers, and three new heavy

  • MR Nov-19#45  requires suf?  cient heavy ice-
for the purchase)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 45

    Since Russia cashed the check in 1867 of open water has attracted attention the service currently has just one opera- capability requires suf? cient heavy ice- for the purchase of Alaska the U.S. has from shippers, ? shermen, tourists, scien- tional heavy icebreaker and one medium breaking vessels