Uk Environment Agency

  • As of July 1, 2003, there were approximately 29,000 commercial self-propelled ocean-going ships worldwide in excess of 1.000 gross tons each. Of these, just over 400 are U.S. Hag. In addition, there are approximately 3,000 U.S. barges of over 1,000 gross tons each. Approximately 25% of these ships and barges are more than 20 years old and will be taken out of service in the near future. The vast majority of the ships and barges taken out of service will be recycled (scrapped). Exactly when a ship is taken out of service is dependent upon a variety of factors, the most important being its maintenance costs and its current charter rate. Thus, the number of ships being offered for recycling can and does gyrate widely over time.

    There is growing realization that ships (and, to a lesser extent, barges) frequently contain hazardous materials. These materials may become hazardous wastes when a ship or barge is to be recycled.

    Ship recycling in the United States and many other countries in the developed world is subject to environment controls.

    Such recycling in lesser developed nations is not currently regulated to the same extent.

    Many nations are party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.

    This Convention is intended to prevent hazardous wastes from being transported to another country for disposal unless the receiving country has provided knowing consent to such action. Ships being transferred from one party state for recycling in another party state appear to come within the Convention, although there is some uncertainty in this regard.

    While the United States is not party to the Basel Convention, it has adopted domestic legislation having the same impact. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) provides, in pertinent part, that hazardous waste may not be exported from the United States unless various conditions are met. The person who intends to export the hazardous waste must provide written notification to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The notification must contain the name and address of the exporter, the types and quantities of hazardous waste to be exported, the date of the planned exportation, the port of entry at destination, the method of transport.

    the name and address of the ultimate disposal facility, and the names of any transit countries through which the hazardous waste will be sent.

    The United States is party to several international agreements concerning international trade in hazardous waste.

    The primary agreement is among member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). These agreements share the basic principles of notification by the exporter to the government of the exporting country, government- to-government notification to the receiving country, and receiving country consent to the shipment.

    More broadly, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) is developing guidelines on ship recycling that may lead to mandatory requirements for an inventory of hazardous material on the ship. This inventory would be initiated during construction and continue to be maintained until the ship is recycled.

    At the same time, the International Labor Organization (ILO) is developing guidelines for ship-breaking. These standards would address working and environmental conditions at locations where ships are to be recycled.

    The EPA has specifically examined the ship scrapping and recycling industry.

    The agency has identified a variety of hazardous wastes commonly associated with ships being scrapped or recycled.

    These hazardous wastes include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). asbestos, heavy metals, pesticides, and waste oils.

    These hazardous wastes must either be removed from the ship prior to export or the consent of both the EPA and the receiving country must be obtained before a ship can be exported from the United States for recycling in a foreign country. The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), in conjunction with other maritime organizations, developed the "Industry Code of Practice on Ship Recycling." This Code provides that, when a ship is to be sold for recycling, the owner will inventory the potentially hazardous materials on board and take steps to minimize those materials before the ship is delivered for recycling. The Code also contains a list of potentially hazardous and toxic materials frequently found on ships.

    The EPA restrictions on export of ships for recycling have been applied to government ships. The Maritime Administration (MARAD) encountered various obstacles and added expense in disposing of obsolete vessels from the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF). After MARAD awarded a contract for the recycling of 15 NDRF ships at a facility in the United Kingdom, suit was brought by several environmental advocacy groups to block the exportation. The complaint alleged a number of violations of law, including the failure to conduct an environmental assessment and the failure to obtain an exemption from the EPA for the export of PCB for disposal.

    The trial court allowed the export of four obsolete MARAD ships as a Congressionally-approved pilot program, but has granted a temporary restraining order against export of any further vessels. The major finding of the court in prohibiting further vessel exports is the apparent violation of the ban on export of PCB without an EPA exemption. Subsequently, the UK Environment Agency withdrew approval for the ships to be recycled, noting that the contractor had not obtained permission to expand its facility to perform such work. The four NDRF ships may be returned to the United States in the spring, unless the matter can be sorted out.

    As important as the litigation surrounding the export for recycling of the obsolete MARAD vessels is the contract that MARAD awarded for this disposal.

    Whereas the traditional arrangement for recycling of ships involves the sale of the ship for its so-called scrap value, the MARAD arrangement provided for MARAD to pay the contractor $14.8 million for removal and recycling of 15 ships. The high visibility of these exports and the government status of the ships were, no doubt, major factors in this unique arrangement. This payment for recycling of ships, though, alters the traditional view that ships always retain a certain minimal value (the value of the steel and related material in the hull).

    The French Government is involved in a similar controversy regarding efforts to recycle the retired aircraft carrier Clemenceau. The ship apparently contains over 200 tons of asbestos. Efforts to have the ship recycled in Turkey met with protests and the ship has been returned to France for removal of the asbestos and any other hazardous waste.

    Lest anyone think this problem is exclusive to government vessels, your attention is invited to the chemical tanker Sandrien. This ship, suspected of having onboard asbestos and various hazardous chemicals, has been tied up the Netherlands since 2001. The owners have been unable to obtain clearance from the Dutch government to send the ship for recycling in India because the government is requiring full compliance with the Basel Convention.

    Due in large part to heightened environmental concerns and new apprehensions about the safety and health of employees of ship recyclers, we may be approaching the day when owners of both government vessels and regular commercial ships will regularly pay to have their ships recycled.

    Minimalization and monitoring of hazardous materials on ships is highly recommended.

  • Provincial Governments of South Holland, Holland The Tanker Assimi—A Case History Terence M. Hayes, International Maritime Organization, London, England, UK Management of the Uniacke G-72 Incident S.D. Gill, Canada Oil and Gas Lands Administration, Ottawa, Canada; C.A. Bonke, Shell Canada Resources, Calgary

  • Atlantic Container Line (ACL) recently commenced operations in Great Britain with a new company, Atlantic Container Line Agencies (UK) Ltd. The new operation, based in Liverpool, with offices also in London and Glasgow, takes over agency responsibility from Cunard Ellerman. "This is a further

  • Veritas for STCW95 training. Specific training courses are also approved to Flag State standard, which in the case of Lairdside Maritime Center is the UK MCA (Maritime and Coastguard Agency). Circle 8 on Reader Service Card www.maritimereporterinfo.co

  • take steps to raise the share of energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20% by 2020.  Currently there are huge developments taking place in UK waters and by 2020 there will be around 10GW installed providing 8-10% of the UK’s annual electricity requirements.” While investment in the U.K. Navy

  • At a hearing at Truro Magistrates Court, the owner of a tanker paid a total of $36,000 in fines and costs after pleading guilty to a breach of U.K. maritime pollution legislation. On February 25, 2012 a satellite operated by European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) detected a ship trailing a slick in the

  • A new 14m catamaran was delivered to coastal survey specialists Osiris Projects by Blyth Workcats. The new boat, named Proteus of Liverpool, was custom-built at the Blyth Workcats yard on Canvey Island, U.K., to provide a fast yet stable and comfortable working platform for coastal survey work. The boat has

  • to enhance the safety of their personnel and equipment while also improving the bottom lines of their projects. With this goal in mind, MG3 Survey UK Limited has turned to Earth observation satellites flying hundreds of miles overhead to get a better idea of what obstacles lay beneath the waves in

  • Systems have IMO Type Approval for capacity from 60 to 6000 cu. m./hr., and a Type Approval Certificate has been issued by Lloyd’s Register on behalf of the UK Maritime and Coastguard Agency to confirm compliance with Guidelines contained in IMO resolution MEPC.174(58).  Other certifications include ABS, Dutch

  • Since the time of the Romans, the evolution and development of the maritime sector has been of vital importance to Britain's commercial and economic interests. Early links were established with trading partners worldwide, links that endure today — particularly in our relations with the U.S. As

  • A little more than a year ago, 40 global research and defense companies met to discuss how unmanned systems could be used by the world’s armies, air forces and navies in the defense systems of the future. This led to the British Royal Navy staging its first ‘robot wars’ last fall to give companies the

  • and to specification. ASV has supplied over 30 different Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV) for a wide range of tasks.  Its products are in service with the UK MoD, government organizations, defense primes and several navies and businesses around the world.  ASV has also carried out specialist military research

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  • MR Nov-19#88 ?|?| INTEGRATED MEDIA KIT         
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    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 88

    ?|?| INTEGRATED MEDIA KIT When it comes to Marine Marketing, One size does not?WDOO Monthly Network The Maritime Audience: 729,265 Source: Google Analytics Media Network ,W?VDELJLQGXVWU\DQG\RXUFOLHQWVRXUUHDGHUVKDYHVSHFL?FLQWHUHVWVZKHQLWFRPHV to their professions and their information needs.

  • MR Nov-19#77 M
MARITIME MEDICAL CREW CARE
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    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 77

    M MARITIME MEDICAL CREW CARE “Medical care has to be managed by medical professional companies to ensure that cases are handled in the most ap- propriate way, crew members get highest quality of medical care at the most reasonable price. Additional requirements of GDPR put even additional pressure to

  • MR Nov-19#76 M
MARITIME MEDICAL CREW CARE
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    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 76

    M MARITIME MEDICAL CREW CARE Crew Care: Managing Mariner Medical Care By Joe Keefe he competent authority shall as the population on shore enjoys. But, the embarking any mariner, a trusted 2012. There are several key aspects to require that, prior to begin- that’s not always the case. In case of

  • MR Nov-19#72 E
EMISSION REDUCTION SCRUBBERS
Scrubbers: A 360-degree)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 72

    E EMISSION REDUCTION SCRUBBERS Scrubbers: A 360-degree solution for shipowners and the environment By Scott Poulter, founder and CEO, Paci? c Green Technologies s part of the IMO’s com- vessel to LNG would be prohibitively ies being built are super-modern and will The second compelling reason to in- mitme

  • MR Nov-19#65 VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE,)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 65

    VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE, LLOYD’S REGISTER what we believe will be prototype ves- LR research suggests that the cheap- as weather routing but these can only Digitalization has also enabled LR to sels, contracted and constructed in the est zero carbon fuels are going to be go

  • MR Nov-19#64 VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE,)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 64

    VOICES NICK BROWN, DIRECTOR OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE, LLOYD’S REGISTER 5 minutes with LR’s Nick Brown By Greg Trauthwein “LR research suggests that the cheap- est zero carbon fuels are going to be at least double the price of fuels today.” Nick Brown, Lloyd’s Register Photo: Lloyd’s Register To kick things

  • MR Nov-19#61  ELICAN 
Seajacks 
concept. 
UK-based Seajacks has been)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 61

    WIND THE INSTALLATION FLEET 110MW Changhua wind farm in 2020. Both wind farms are currently under construction.” Esteyo’s ELICAN Seajacks concept. UK-based Seajacks has been operating in the off- Source: ALE shore wind business since 2006. Since then, it’s built the Kraken, Leviathan, Hydra, Zaratan

  • MR Nov-19#59  
Meanwhile, according to the UK 
¯ cylinder honing marks)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 59

    be long to go until a 14 MW is being ¯ cleanliness of ring land developed,” says Barla. ¯ size of cylinder wear edge Meanwhile, according to the UK ¯ cylinder honing marks ¯ wave-cut groove extension Chamber of Shipping, in 2017, offshore ¯ black lacquering from corrosive wear turbines were

  • MR Nov-19#58  without its challenges. The UK, Germany and the Netherlands)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 58

    being planned, it’s Wood Mackenzie. which has happened – faster than any ex- bine evolution,” says Shashi Barla, se- not without its challenges. The UK, Germany and the Netherlands pected, especially in the last 2-3 years. nior analyst at Wood Mackenzie, with In Europe, there is more than 18 giga-

  • MR Nov-19#57 ENVIRONMENTAL GREEN SHIP RECYCLING
Furthermore, all of)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 57

    ENVIRONMENTAL GREEN SHIP RECYCLING Furthermore, all of this material can be torious harmful shipbreaking operations, give them business. So there has to be a an actual ship recycling project to ? nd traced downstream to a licenced disposal it appears that the desirability of ship balance. You cannot

  • MR Nov-19#47 SHIPBUILDING USCG POLAR SECURITY CUTTER
vessel to reach)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 47

    SHIPBUILDING USCG POLAR SECURITY CUTTER vessel to reach the North Pole unaccom- transits to get on station and conduct Mardiros. The number one mission for panied—but it is designed primarily for operations with limited or no logistics the new PSC will be to carry out the an- Meet The “Fleet” scienti?

  • MR Nov-19#45 SHIPBUILDING USCG POLAR SECURITY CUTTER
Polar Security)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 45

    SHIPBUILDING USCG POLAR SECURITY CUTTER Polar Security Cutter will provide meaningful presence in polar regions By Edward Lundquist he Coast Guard needs a ship economic zone above the Arctic Circle). ed. Protecting America’s interests in the Coast Guard leadership and presence that can do more than

  • MR Nov-19#40 WORKBOATS SOUTHERN TOWING COMPANY
Photos: ZF/Martin)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 40

    WORKBOATS SOUTHERN TOWING COMPANY Photos: ZF/Martin Meissner Career development. Opportunity and investing in the Statistics.” In short it says is you can make statistics say boats at the 11:30 watch change so that we can have as people. And we have gone way out of our way to put whatever you want.

  • MR Nov-19#30 WORKBOATS THE OSV MARKET
CAROLYN CHOUEST: 
Edison Chouest)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 30

    WORKBOATS THE OSV MARKET CAROLYN CHOUEST: Edison Chouest vessel working Paci? c waters. he fate of Offshore Service oil, slightly higher (with temporary (but slight) jit- for an uptick in 2020 and 2021 with Photos: Iain Cameron Vessels (OSVs) is, natural- nearby at around $60/ ters as an Iranian

  • MR Nov-19#29 WORKBOATS THE OSV MARKET
OSV 
Market 
Which way 
 
is)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 29

    WORKBOATS THE OSV MARKET OSV Market Which way is Up? The environment in oil patches onshore and offshore alike has been challenging throughout 2019; worries about an eco- nomic slowdown – whether cyclical or in- duced by a trade war – have weighed heav- ily on oil prices, even in the face of reduced

  • MR Nov-19#26  wind farm plat-
possibly also UK´s BP. ing of O&G players)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 26

    Shell, and reth. Equinor is at the top of the rank- their aims is for its total oil and gas port- technology in ? oating wind farm plat- possibly also UK´s BP. ing of O&G players most prepared for folio to reach 8kg of CO² per barrel of oil forms should permit its use in deepwa- Equinor opted for a comprehens

  • MR Nov-19#24  campaign was undertaken in the UK, 
something that needs to)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 24

    T THOUGHT LEADERSHIP: OFFSHORE WIND “The US needs to develop a work- force from scratch,” noting that a mas- sive campaign was undertaken in the UK, something that needs to start now in the United States. Laura Smith, USA Director for Atlas Professionals from renewable energy? NJ wants to de- to the

  • MR Nov-19#7 simple isn)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 7

    simple isn't always easy... But furuno radars are a simple choice Your objective is simple…Deliver your vessel and its contents safely and on time. While it might sound simple, we know it’s not easy! Whether you’re navigating the open ocean, busy harbors, or through congested inland waterways, being aware

  • MR Nov-19#6  to call his con-
Tom Mulligan - UK
Lisa Overing - Florida
all)
    November 2019 - Maritime Reporter and Engineering News page: 6

    Contributors I think it is generally agreed that this is truly a transcendent period across while I would hesitate to call his con- Tom Mulligan - UK Lisa Overing - Florida all maritime sectors, with the convergence of sweeping environmental legislative clusion a ‘rosy’ picture, the story and Claudio

  • MN Nov-19#102 PRODUCTS
VRSim Virtual Reality Tool 
For Commercial)
    November 2019 - Marine News page: 102

    PRODUCTS VRSim Virtual Reality Tool For Commercial Painting VRSim’s SimSpray 3.0, the next generation of a virtual reality paint training tool, uses HTC’s VIVE Pro HMD and VIVE Trackers, and offers intuitive and true-to-life user experi- ence by featuring enhanced visuals, Lumitec Digital Lighting

  • MN Nov-19#92 VESSELS
SAFE Boats Delivers 19th Boat to FDNY
SAFE Boats)
    November 2019 - Marine News page: 92

    VESSELS SAFE Boats Delivers 19th Boat to FDNY SAFE Boats International (SAFE) has delivered boats 17, 18 and 19 to the marine division of the New York Fire Department, all during the month of August. The three latest additions to the FDNY ? eet are 33’ full cabin boats, the most popular con? guration

  • MN Nov-19#83 measure of light bending as it passes through one medium)
    November 2019 - Marine News page: 83

    measure of light bending as it passes through one medium into another), color, and absorption spectra. NOAA also states that total suspended solids (TSS) is a quantitative measure of the total dry weight mass of the particles or material present in a given amount of water. Measuring TSS is important

  • MN Nov-19#70 TECH FILE: DECK MACHINERY
A Step Up 
in Safety
How NABRICO’s)
    November 2019 - Marine News page: 70

    TECH FILE: DECK MACHINERY A Step Up in Safety How NABRICO’s FASST Winder Winch created a safer work environment. reat ideas can come anytime, from anyone. For leg muscles in the process. NABRICO, a ? eld team member’s understand- NABRICO discovered a core issue with the tradition- Ging of the physical