Uuv Battery Technology

  • Micro-UUV Technology is Flexible
    In 2015, veterans of the conventional UUV sector set out to change the dynamics of the industry, founding Riptide Autonomous Solutions. Riptide’s first product was the micro-UUV, a new, highly flexible, open source autonomous undersea vehicle that provides a state-of-the-art, low cost solution ideally suited for developers of autonomy and behaviors, power systems, subsea sensors, and other new payloads. The micro-UUV features open hardware and software interfaces giving users a reliable and robust platform to advance technology development. The vehicle design is optimized for high efficiency with the best hydrodynamic signature in its class. The base micro-UUV is 4 7/8 inches in diameter, 42 inches in length and weighs 23 lbs. The standard system is rated to a depth of 300 meters.

    The Riptide micro-UUV launched a line of following vehicles including the 7.5 inch diameter, 65 pound, 1 man-portable (1 MP) UUV and the 9.375 inch diameter, 120 pound, 2 man-portable (2 MP) UUV. The underlying technology enabling this family approach, including advanced manufacturing and engineering techniques are key to the Riptide mission of taking UUVs Faster, Further and Deeper.

    Deeper: Advanced Manufacturing
    The micro-UUV was developed using multiple additive manufacturing techniques. This enabled affordable and quick evaluation of numerous design considerations. This rapid manufacturing capability also enabled Riptide to quickly field production vehicles. This approach is not just for engineering models. It is delivering product capable of withstanding the pressures and harsh environment of UUV operations. The use of modern design and manufacturing techniques has also enabled the development and delivery of numerous micro-UUV configurations of Riptide’s flexible architecture as shown in Figure 2.

    When Riptide started the design and development effort of their first micro-UUV in mid-2015, it traded hull materials for design flexibility, ease of fabrication, cost, and material properties such as strength to weight ratio. It set a design threshold for the micro-UUV of 200 meters (2-3X the depth rating of the nearest small vehicle competition at the time). It selected carbon fiber for the cylindrical vehicle mid-body, fabricated from a sailboat mast mold so highly flexible in length. For the hydrodynamic noses and tails, Riptide selected 3D printed nylon, providing extensive flexibility for shape and adding ports or mounting features for new sensors. Finite Element Modeling (FEM) was performed with desired factors of safety and additional conservatism built in for material and fabrication variations. Through validation and failure testing (shown in Figure 3, on page 44), the initial design was determined to well exceed the threshold depth rating, which was then increased to 300 meters for the standard vehicle while maintaining an adequate factor of safety.

    Riptide utilized the latest methods of rapid manufacturing heavily relying on 3D printing or additive manufacturing in its early production deliveries. Riptide has recently procured injection resin molds for all 3D printed parts for the micro-UUV under a manufacturing grant from Massachusetts, but maintain the ability to 3D print any component for design flexibility. Under a DARPA Phase II SBIR, Riptide fabricated a deeper rated UUV (7.5” Diameter) with a design objective of 1,500m. Initial seal testing and pressure testing of the hull sections was successfully completed and the first of several vehicles is undergoing first article testing. Figure 4 shows standard tail section versus the 1st article titanium 3D printed tail section. Volume was reduced for cost purposes. With the combination of 3-D printing and traditional molds, as well as novel designs, Riptide is delivering on its promise to take compact UUVs deeper.

    Further: Power and Energy Management
    The micro-UUV was designed for low logistics. The standard configuration uses 144 alkaline AA batteries just like a television remote control but in greater quantity. They can be swapped out in minutes. The use of alkaline batteries avoids many of the limitations and restrictions with shipping, safety, and government certification of lithium batteries, while providing enough energy to run these efficient vehicles for a day or more, depending on operational speed and payload power. In addition to flexibility in shipping, deployment is dramatically simplified with a vehicle of such small size. There is no need to rely on large, expensive surface vessels. Operations from the dock, from dinghies, and even from paddleboards are possible.

    In total, 144 alkaline AA batteries provided the original micro-UUV approximately 300 Wh which, with no payload, running at peak efficiency gives the micro-UUV a range of a little more than 100 nautical miles in 33 hours. This presumed an operating speed of 3.0 knots. At 0.5 knots the same vehicle configuration could run for three days.

    In early 2018, Riptide announced a near-total redesign of internal electronics resulting in a new MKII µUUV. This offered a nearly 60% reduction in hotel load power to 3.8 Watts from its first-generation boards. It also reduced the internal wire count in the vehicle by 80%, simplifying the vehicle further. This traditional battery based performance is more than adequate for many applications. But it can be improved upon. Riptide is releasing its lithium rechargeable battery pack that doubles the energy capacity (and endurance) of the standard vehicle. Additionally, its standard alkaline battery stack was designed to accommodate multiple battery chemistries, including lithium primary and nickel-metal-hydride cells. With lithium primary cells, the standard micro-UUV can operate for over a week at speed.

    Through an exclusive partnership with L-3-Open Water Power the micro-UUV will pioneer the use of aluminum seawater batteries. This new technology harnesses the energy of a chemical reaction between seawater and specially developed, high-purity aluminum alloys. The result is an inherently safe energy storage solution with a dramatic increase in energy density. This technology will be tested in 2018 and is anticipated to be available commercially on Riptide UUVs in 2019.

    Through both electronics optimization and new energy technologies Riptide is taking compact UUVs further than ever before.

    Faster: Speedier delivery of user focused UUVs
    Faster UUVs can suggest high-speed vehicles. While this is true, the micro-UUV can exceed 10 knots, an even more important measure is delivery time. The open-architecture and modular design of Riptide UUVs ensures that customer focused units can be rapidly configured and delivered. The original micro-UUV delivered on this promise with dozens of configurations built in the first year of production.

    Since then, as the product lines have expanded the flexibility and fast delivery has enabled other distinctive configurations.

    One example of a faster, and deeper UUV is the deep vehicle developed for DARPA.

    Case Study: Deep Acoustics UUV
    Under a SBIR program Riptide has modified their 1 MP UUV to support acoustic telemetry research programs.

    The deep UUV is rated for 1,500 meters depth but still only 7.5 inches in diameter. Its payloads include CTD, acoustic modem and a towed acoustic receiver array. With industry leading low power hotel load this system can deliver over 48 hours of endurance for field testing. The purpose of the vehicle is to demonstrate long range, medium data rate acoustic underwater communications for a mission critical project. To accomplish this the client needed to operate for long periods in the deep sound channel. These waters, around 1,000 meters deep, are typically out of reach of smaller, more affordable UUVs. Riptide’s open source software and flexible mechanical design enabled the rapid development of this custom UUV and ensured the research program could be executed as planned. Figure 6 shows this vehicle as delivered.

    Case Study: Open Architecture
    In addition to hardware versatility the Riptide approach enables software flexibility as well. Working with Draper, Riptide has agreed to implement Maritime Open Architecture Autonomy (MOAA) on all Riptide UUVs delivered to the US Government. Draper developed MOAA for the US Government. MOAA capabilities have been demonstrated at-sea on several autonomous undersea vehicle (AUV) classes with application to various undersea mission areas. This work represents a significant investment, millions of dollars and decades of research and development.

    Draper requested and received approval from the Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) to provide MOAA as an option on all Riptide UUVs sold to the US Government or Government purposed vehicles. This will be a no cost option on all Riptide UUVs for eligible customers. The availability of MOAA on Riptide UUVs is a direct result of their flexible and open software architecture. MOAA adds significant value for Government UUV customers and Riptide UUVs with MOAA will be available for delivery in the second quarter of 2018.

    Faster Further Deeper
    The unmanned undersea vehicle market is undergoing a period of rapid evolution. Legacy providers have been acquired by large defense primes, to support increasing programs of record. Meanwhile barriers to entry have been lowered through new manufacturing techniques, state-of-the-art electronics and open source software architectures. Riptide has leveraged all of these trends to deliver a flexible family of solutions. The technology approach has ensured faster delivery of UUVs that can range further, while diving deeper, than ever before possible in compact vehicles. With nearly 100 Riptide vehicles delivered to date, the market has clearly indicated it is moving faster as well.

    (As published in the June 2018 edition of Marine Technology Reporter)

  • Riptide looks to outfit a growing market: smaller UUVs   Unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) trace their history to the Special Purpose Underwater Research Vehicle (SPURV) developed by the University of Washington’s Applied Physics Laboratory in 1957. While the UUV was conceived decades ago it was the

  • continuously advances the state of AUV technology through internal R&D funding as well as through several development contracts including those for the Hull UUV Localization Systems (HULS) production systems, Surface Mine Countermeasures (SMCM) UUV, and Deep Sea Operations Technology and System (DSOP) Development

  • subsea power’s power portfolio includes the production of over 500 batteries for both AUV and non-AUV applications. Noteworthy Defense Programs: • SMCM UUV - Knifefish is a specialized Bluefin-21 for the mine countermeasures mission package for littoral combat ships • Next generation counter measures -

  • mission, the SeaExplorer glider, according to ACSA, became the first glider to break a double world record for multi-sensors Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) with rechargeable batteries. Journey of the SeaExplorer Reaching the milestone of 60 days and a total of 1,183 km on a single battery charge

  • . This will be especially vital in undersea defense as advancements in underwater technology brings about an age of stealth unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) and intelligent submarines. The issue remains with reduced budgets and high associated costs of UUV operations from surface ships, hindering the speed

  • From the standpoint of vehicle propulsion physics, an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) is little different from your personal ski boat or a tanker. It shares the Vessel-Propulsor-Drive system model, which allows a Propulsor to convert Drive energy into thrust for the purpose of moving a Vessel. The basic

  • , and Strategic. In total we are about 3,000 people in about two dozen locations across the country.   OK, let’s start broad. Looking at the world of UUVs, AUVs, unmanned systems, by broad geographic region or market, where do you see opportunities in the years ahead and why? Let’s rewind roughly 20

  • and target definition while active motion compensation and advanced beam-forming technologies nullify blurring caused by tow body motion. The Klein UUV-3500 product line leverages a powerful – wholly FPGA implemented – multi-channel processing engine.  The UUV 3500 operates exclusively with L-3 Klein’s

  • kHz Multibeam side scan sonar with high-definition Interferometric bathymetry sonar for spectacular IHO quality imagery. In addition, we also introduced the UUV-3500 High Resolution Side Scan sonar for UUVs. The UUV-3500 operates exclusively with L-3 Klein’s proprietary wideband technology providing unmatched

  • that are better performed unmanned vehicles. When considering the right vehicle for the mission, size does matter.   Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) are classified into three basic size categories: man-portable, lightweight, and large displacement based on size (as measured by displacement) and

  • accurate exploration and monitoring in harsh environments. A wholly owned subsidiary of Battelle, Bluefin Robotics, manufactures unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) and batteries.    •    Submersibles: Battelle’s strengths are technology development and fielding customized systems. Battelle leverages extensive

  • MN Jul-19#59 PRODUCTS
Beele’s SLIPSIL XL-120 Sealing 
Plugs Deliver)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 59

    PRODUCTS Beele’s SLIPSIL XL-120 Sealing Plugs Deliver Fire Safety Beele Engineering recently acquired the MED certi? cate for its SLIPSIL XL-120 plugs, which means they are CE certi? ed in accordance with the Marine Equipment Directive 2014/90/EU. The certi? cate relates to the SLIPSIL XL-120

  • MN Jul-19#58 PRODUCTS
ABB’s Onboard Microgrid for 
Small Vessel Fuel)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 58

    PRODUCTS ABB’s Onboard Microgrid for Small Vessel Fuel Economy ABB’s compact DC-based power distribution system offers hybrid power ef? ciencies to smaller ves- sels. The new Onboard Microgrid is based on the ABB power distribu- Natural Gas Sensing Capability tion system Onboard DC Grid with

Johnson Allan Toma Garner Tadros)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 54

    PEOPLE & COMPANY NEWS Johnson Allan Toma Garner Tadros commercial marine space by pioneer- Merchant Marine Academy, George’s Huibers to Chair NMMA Engine ing autonomous control and advanced maritime roots run deep. He previous- Manufacturers Division perception systems that make surface ly held the

Crowley  OMSA Danfoss 
Welch Remont)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 53

    PEOPLE & COMPANY NEWS Crowley OMSA Danfoss Welch Remont ZachariaGoldenberg Abisch Fuhrmann Sheff Nichols Wells Menzer OMSA announced the hire of Chad commercial and government new con- Crowley Announces Fuhrmann as Director of Regula- struction programs for the Company. Leadership Additions

  • MN Jul-19#50 ech file
Thrustmaster Invests in the Future
For over 35)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 50

    ech file T Thrustmaster Invests in the Future For over 35 years, Houston-based Thrustmaster of Texas quired, the headache of urea after treatment, and the cost has been a manufacturer of thrusters and waterjets. Over increase for tier 4 engines. Alternatively, Thrustmaster’s time, their business plan

  • MN Jul-19#49 with a 3D replay of their work while in the virtual envi-)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 49

    with a 3D replay of their work while in the virtual envi- Properly implemented XR experiences can also provide ronment. These tools help trainees eliminate ? aws in their immediate bene? ts in recruitment and evaluation, provid- application technique. Integrated ROI tracking provides ing objective

  • MN Jul-19#48 ech file
Lowering Shipbuilding Costs 
with Immersive)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 48

    ech file T Lowering Shipbuilding Costs with Immersive Training The ? ercely competitive domestic boatbuilding industry looks for any advantage in the day-to-day battle for bottom line ef? ciencies. ‘XR Technologies’ offer an edge to shipyards as they grow their workforce. By Matthew Wallace n the

  • MN Jul-19#46 COLUMN OP/ED
Stronger Together
NOIA, OMSA Partner to)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 46

    COLUMN OP/ED Stronger Together NOIA, OMSA Partner to Advance U.S. Vessel Opportunities in the Emerging Offshore Wind Sector. By Timothy Charters and Aaron Smith In 1941, geologist opened for offshore energy production in 1966, the ? rst Orval Lester Brace work was conducted by many of the men,

  • MN Jul-19#45 FIRE SAFETY
(*) all images courtesy Ramtech
of our WES)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 45

    FIRE SAFETY (*) all images courtesy Ramtech of our WES Hotspot, a new technology that monitors to operate and isolate the supply (via a current imbalance) electrical installations and equipment, alerting nominated ignition would have already occurred. personnel on-board to the risk of an electrical ? re

  • MN Jul-19#44 FIRE SAFETY
All Aboard with Fire Safety
The latest technolog)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 44

    FIRE SAFETY All Aboard with Fire Safety The latest technology can detect the risk of an on board electrical ? re – before it ignites. It’s not too late to incorporate this feature into your next workboat design. By John Newbury ire on board always poses a risk to life, although cer- Chapter II, the FSS

  • MN Jul-19#32 PROPULSION
U.S. Vessels: a cornucopia of engine rehab)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 32

    PROPULSION U.S. Vessels: a cornucopia of engine rehab possibilities … TYPE / AGE TOTALS <= 5 6-1011-1516-2021-25>25 TOTALS 42,542 6,8817,0654,2016,740 4,24313,353 Self-Propelled 9,410 837 925 652 814 4465,740 Dry Cargo 832 48 60 104 93 67 460 Tanker 79 21 22 14 7 3 12 Pushboat 3,382 421 353 169 196 1062

Operating these multiple)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 30

    COLUMN PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY Operating these multiple power with ease. Many companies have in- tem have experience and tested power sources will require the proper power vested a lot of resources into research management software. The most cost- management infrastructure. When and development to create

  • MN Jul-19#29 “By considering the different aspects of the ef? ciencies)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 29

    “By considering the different aspects of the ef? ciencies that can be achieved, hybridization can enable vessels to reap many bene? ts … Hybridization can enable the use of smaller generators where peak loads are handled by battery systems, allowing generators to run less frequently – thus resulting in

How to Get to Hybridization
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 28

    COLUMN PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY How to Get to Hybridization By Jon Mosterd Hybridization in the marine world ciency and maximize output. Often, these systems are cou- is transitioning from the latest fad to pled with energy storage via batteries or super capacitors to a key part of vessel design and retro-

  • MN Jul-19#27 appropriate updates, current policies and procedures sat-)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 27

    appropriate updates, current policies and procedures sat- manmade disasters, and strengthens the critical resources isfactorily describe the strengths of OSVs and adequately that the greater industry offers. Versatile OSVs are capable address anticipated risks. Additionally, existing standards and

  • MN Jul-19#26 COLUMN OP/ED
A Measured Response:
The Offshore Sector’s)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 26

    COLUMN OP/ED A Measured Response: The Offshore Sector’s Support of National Interests in Times of Crisis By Chad Fuhrmann D T C & Recovery Activities Subcommittee in late 2018. The ESPERATE IMES ALL FOR D R intent of the Subcommittee is to lay the foundation for IVERSE ESOURCES In 2017, North

  • MN Jul-19#18 INSIGHTS
River that some times acts like a unit tow – by)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 18

    INSIGHTS River that some times acts like a unit tow – by volume of The two biggest sticking points for the use of batter- ies on commercial vessels have been, until recently, vessels, this is properly the most common pushboat vessel weight and/or the physical footprint of these units operation in the US.

  • MN Jul-19#17 stacks taking up space and spewing  Anyone who lives with)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 17

    stacks taking up space and spewing Anyone who lives with, works with or In terms of the Maid of the Mist passenger vessels, give us an exhaust and heat. Lastly, if you are in knows millennials, is also aware that idea of the cost difference for the business of services to the general they are

  • MN Jul-19#16 INSIGHTS
supplemented by an after treatment system –)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 16

    INSIGHTS supplemented by an after treatment system – either the sion of these over 100-meter ferries, both built in 1991, costly EGR option or SCR that features additional piping, required installation of a 4160 kWh battery on each vessel, its own re? ll and urea storage tank and demands separate as

  • MN Jul-19#14 INSIGHTS
You have been quoted as saying, “Prior to every)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 14

    INSIGHTS You have been quoted as saying, “Prior to every major adoption of technology in the US inland river market there is a perfect alignment of opportunity and solution.” Tell us why inland operators are ? nally ready for hybrid and/or electri? cation of propulsion. Just as the diesel engine

  • MN Jul-19#8 Authors   Contributors
Ben Bryant is Marine Market)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 8

    Authors Contributors & Ben Bryant is Marine Market electronics and wireless tech- Manager at Klüber Lubrica- nology. He has been active in tion. A graduate of the Massa- the design, patenting and de- MarineNews chusetts Maritime Academy, velopment of a range of safety July 2019 he is a long-time

  • MN Jul-19#6 EDITOR’S NOTE
e have, within this edition of MarineNews)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 6

    EDITOR’S NOTE e have, within this edition of MarineNews, many topics to cover; each as important as the next. These include our headliner of propulsion technology – a rapidly expanding W subject – as well as safety and ? re prevention, and the discussion surrounding ballast water treatment and as many

  • MN Jul-19#2 CONTENTS
MarineNews  July 2019  •  Volume 30   Number)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: 2

    CONTENTS MarineNews July 2019 • Volume 30 Number 7 INSIGHTS 14 Edward C. Schwarz ABB Vice President of Sales, New Builds LUBRICANTS 22 Successful Sustainability Solutions Start with … Lubricants Unappreciated, but heavily used by operators and closely regulated by the authorities, lubricants

  • MN Jul-19#Cover The Information Authority for the Workboat • Offshore •)
    July 2019 - Marine News page: Cover

    The Information Authority for the Workboat • Offshore • Inland • Coastal Marine Markets Volume 30 • Number 7 arine JULY 2019 www.marinelink.com News M Propulsion Technology Many mandates, still more options VIDA Looming: Is it the answer? Safety The Final Piece of Environmental Compliance OMSA: not a