Page 34: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (January 2016)

Ship Repair & Conversion Edition

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Enseda Shipbuilding &

Surviving the

Petrobras Crisis

BY CLAUDIO PASCHOA (Photo: Odebrecht) nseada Shipbuilding was has been cut to 19 drilling units due to South America conference in Rio de Ja- leased by Petrobras since 2010. The established to build deep- Petrobras’ decreased investment plans. neiro. company has revitalized 97% of the fa- water drillships for Petro- Sete Brasil is partnered with banks, cilities, as well as renovating and pur- bras. Seventy percent of pension funds and Petrobras itself. It Shipyards chasing equipment, and has performed

Ethe company is owned by a was dependent on $3.2 billion of funds In the Brazilian Northeast state of Ba- preliminary services on the P-74, P-75, consortium composed of Brazilian com- from the National Development Bank hia, Enseada is implementing the state- P-76, and P-77 hulls. The Inhaúma unit panies, Odebrecht (50%), OAS (25%), (BNDES), which has decided to with- of-the-art Paraguaçu Unit worth around in Rio de Janeiro is working on the con-

UTC (25%), with the remaining 30% be- hold the money in the light of Operation $930 million, and is expected to be ? nal- version of four VLCCs into FPSOs. In- longing to Japanese shipbuilding giant, Car Wash. Sete Brasil had commissioned ized by early 2016. Designed to develop tended for the “Cessão Onerosa” (Oner-

Kawasaki Heavy Industry (KHI). With Enseada Shipbuilding to build the four complex naval engineering projects, us- ous Concession) areas, in the Santos all the Brazilian shareholders involved FPSOs, at a cost of $800 million each. ing the latest technology, the facility has Basin pre-salt, the FPSOs will produce in the Car Wash “Lava Jato” operation, But with Enseada struggling due to Sete been planned to match the quality, pro- up to 150 thousand barrels of oil and investigating corruption and embezzle- Brasil’s $324 million debt following the ductivity and technology standards of compress up to 7 million cubic meters ment schemes with Petrobras, Kawasaki Brazilian Federal Police’s Operation Car the best shipyards in the world, through of natural gas a day at the giant Búzios is a key partner, as is it not only respon- Wash, Kawasaki decided to persuade technology transfers and supervision by pre-salt ? eld. The P-74 hull has been in sible for technology transfer and provid- other investors in Japan to participate in KHI. It aims to maximize ef? ciency and drydock at the Inhaúma unit in Rio de ing professional training for the local the project. If the new investors go ahead minimize waste at every stage of opera- Janeiro for nearly three years. In order to workforce and operational consultancy with the plan, Sete Brasil will no longer tions. This Paraguaçu shipyard project, avoid further delays, most of the conver- in several areas within the shipbuilding participate in these four FPSOs, which in turn, has given rise to actions for the sion work on the other two FPSOs (P- process, as it also offers credibility to the Petrobras will instead rent directly from development of the supply chain with 75 and P-77) will be done at the Dalian shipyard. Kawasaki is the pillar, which Odebrecht Oil and Gas (OOG) and the the Federation of Industries of the State Cosco shipyard in China. It is quite pos- may well guarantee the brand new ship- Japanese partners. of Bahia and the Ministry of Develop- sible that the P-76 will be the ? rst to be builder’s survival. ment, Industry and Foreign Trade. It rep- launched as it is already docked at the

Enseada Shipbuilding Order Book resents the largest private investment in Inhaúma quayside, and the rest of its

Brazilian Shipbuilding in Crisis Enseada Shipyard has a delivery port- the state in the past 10 years. integration process will be undertaken “In December 2014 there were around folio valued at $ 6.5 billion, including At the São Roque Unit, also in Bahia, at Techint’s Pontal do Paraná shipyard, 80,000 workers in the Brazilian ship- the conversion of the hulls of four FP- located at the other side of the Paraguaçu which has been modernized with carbon building industry, and six months later at SOs for Petrobras, as well as the devel- River, workers are cutting the plate for and special steel pipe workshops, and least 15,000 jobs were lost in shipyards opment of six deepwater drill rigs for the topsides for FPSOs and drillships. upgraded integration quays. 15 of the 20 throughout the country. By August, we Sete Brasil. “Enseada shipyard is invest- The São Roque Unit is located at the São modules contracted to Techint are being at Enseada Shipbuilding, were forced to ing heavily in state-of-the-art equipment Roque do Paraguaçu Construction Site, built locally, with other structures and lay-off 7,500 workers and this number and technology transfer with our Japa- established in 1976 and covering an area modules being imported from Indonesia, may reach 9,000. On top of that we have nese partners from Kawasaki, in order of 400,000 sq. m. The unit has infra- Turley and Vietnam.

the city of Maragogipe in Bahia, (where to become internationally competitive. structure to build modules, drillship top- the shipyard is located) which had a We are working on innovations to the sides, production platforms, FPSOs and FPSOs & Kawasaki very quick and intense growth due to the fabrication process through research, ? xed steel jackets. It has three ? nishing Kawasaki and a group of Japanese implementation of the shipyard and now to develop new technologies. We be- docks with a 10-m draft, plus workshops partners are planning to take over the ? nds itself paralyzed,” said Humberto lieve we can increase our productivity, for welding, painting, block assembly four FPSOs commissioned by Sete Bra-

Rangel, Director of Enseada Shipyard. but the whole production chain, includ- and mechanical cutting of steel plates, sil to Enseada. Last June, Shigeru Mu- ing equipment suppliers, needs to be with a capacity to process 2,700 tons of rayama (President of KHI), Tomotsu

Sete Brasil productive and presently there is little steel, up to 1,300 employees. Eight top- Saito (President of the IHI Corporation),

Sete Brazil was created in 2011 for the government support for the local mari- side modules for the drillship Ondina are and Seiji Shiraki (President of Mitsubi- construction of part of the 29 drillships time equipment production chain,” said being built at São Roque. shi in Latin America) met with Brazilian which Petrobras was to use on its pre-salt Guilherme Guaragna, Vice-President of In Rio de Janeiro, Enseada operates President Dilma Rousseff in the coun- drilling campaign, however this number Enseada Shipyard, during the Marintec the Inhaúma Unit in the Caju District, try’s capital Brasília, hoping to ensure 34 Maritime Reporter & Engineering News • JANUARY 2016

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