Page 32: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (August 2017)

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IoT & Changing Connectivity at Sea industry’s reticence to adopt new tech- ing shipping companies such as Maersk control center. For example, some major

By Dan Rooney, Commercial Maritime nologies, IoT/M2M is becoming more have identi? ed that the digitalization of vessel owners are even proposing the po-

Product Director, Speedcast commonplace on board as vessel owner the container industry is an important as- tential for introducing new vessels that and operators realize the value that IoT/ pect of growth. It still has room to grow, require as few as ? ve crew members.

Whether it’s autonomous cars or con- nected houses, it seems like everywhere M2M brings. However, deployment of but it will dramatically change the indus- Major shipbuilders such as Rolls you look these days, internet of things an IoT/M2M application or device alone try. Royce are also striving towards the con- (IoT) technology is a focus. Even in the is not a panacea for cost savings. IoT/ Chilled refrigerator transport (also cept of the autonomous vessel. Rolls

M2M applications and devices must be known as reefer) is one area where IoT/ Royce announced an initiative called the conservative maritime world, IoT is cur- rently a hot topic. Shifting supply chain deployed as part of an end-to-end solu- M2M has revolutionized. For the most Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Ap- tion, including back-of? ce intelligence part, the general public remains bliss- plications Initiative (AAWA), de? ning solutions and business models are fun- for the augmentation and processing of fully unaware of how they get produce how by 2020, semi or fully autonomous damentally changing the way that com- mercial shipping and the wider transport received data into useful information. such as bananas or the challenges in vessels could be sailing across the world.

One primary maritime area of focus transporting a banana from a tree to a su- Monitored and controlled by a small crew sector operates. for cost reduction is fuel consumption. permarket. Meanwhile, a charterer wants within a central location and guided by

IoT enables an organization to cap- ture value from information, regardless Faced with rising costs for bunkers to ensure that their cargo of bananas ar- multiple sensors and controlled systems of sector, and in essence forms a loop against low charter rates, vessel owners rives at its destination in an acceptable on board, the autonomous vessels will that creates a larger process. Deloitte and operators are looking for alternative condition and on time. Regular updates reduce the cost of shipping goods. As conceptualized this process and named methods to reduce operational expenses. regarding cargo humidity, tempera- the maritime sector moves toward auto- it the Information Value Loop in 2015. Some cost reduction methods give a clear ture and air pressure can be automati- mation, there is a growing importance to

By capturing the pertinent stages of how return on investment, such as anti-foul- cally transferred ashore, along with the introduce multiple and redundant layers

IoT and sensors might cooperate with ing paint or weather-based routing ser- ship’s estimated time of arrival via IoT/ of connectivity to enable secure and re- vices. When these methods are coupled M2M applications, allowing a charterer liable communications. Considering the process modelling, the value in integrat- with IoT/M2M applications and devices, to update its onward supply chain. In potential scenarios that could arise if a ing IoT can be realized. the degree of information available for the event of an anomaly, skilled refrig- loss of connectivity was experienced on smarter cost saving decisions increases eration technicians can remotely make an automated vessel, having 24/7 con- exponentially. For example, adding IoT/ changes via satellite to the cargo condi- nectivity regardless of location is criti-

IoT Applications & Devices within

M2M fuel ? ow meters to a supply line tions, or alert crew to failed equipment cal. Ensuring vessels have the proper the Maritime Sector

For many vessel owners and operators, can provide information regarding the on board. All of this information can be equipment to guarantee reliable connec- (near) real-time operational ef? ciency aggregated and modelled then updated tivity, for example automated switching

IoT and machine to machine (M2M) ap- plications and devices remain abstract of a vessel’s engines. The current tech- automatically onto a mobile app for rel- between disparate satellite and terrestrial concepts. The maritime industry can be nical data from the vessel’s machinery evant parties. networks is essential to operation. In or- systems can be correlated against known der to achieve this high degree of con- slow to implement technological chang- es that are quickly implemented on the data (manufacturers data/sea trials/pre- Trend Toward Automation nectivity, satellite communications com- viously gathered data), compared to de- With the signi? cant increase in efforts pany Speedcast has developed hybrid shore, although this is beginning to im- prove. A coherent and uni? ed approach termine if performance is lagging. to provide automation within the mari- networks (satellite, 4G/LTE and wireless time industry, experts are predicting that radio) to enable connectivity for critical to delivering IoT/M2M solutions, via manufacturer and system integrator Cargo Monitoring new vessels will face a gradual reduc- communications - allowing a vessel to

The containerization of the shipping tion in crew members over the coming never be out of touch regardless of its partnerships will allow vessel owners and greater transport industry revolu- years. The majority of decision-making location. The IoT/M2M revolution can and operators to realize the full poten- tial of IoT/M2M. Despite the maritime tionized supply chain logistics. Pioneer- processes are being moved to an onshore only bring value when coupled with reli- 32 Maritime Reporter & Engineering News • AUGUST 2017

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