Hitachi Delivers 508,731-DWT Esso Atlantic —Largest Ship Ever Built In Japan
The 508,731-dwt ultra large crude carrier (ULCC) supertanker Esso Atlantic, the largest ship built in Japan to date, was delivered to her owner, Esso Tankers, Inc. of Liberia, on August 11, 1977, at Hitachi Zosen's Ariake Shipyard.
Besides being the largest ship ever built in Japan, she is also the third largest ship in the world behind a pair of 550,000-dwt ULCC sisterships built in France.
Like the two French-built ships, she will be used primarily for service between the Middle East and Europe.
The Esso Atlantic boasts impressive dimensions. For example, her length of approximately 1,384 feet makes her just about 33 feet shorter than the Empire State Building is tall. Her crude oil capacity of 611,200 cubic meters could meet Japan's oil needs for one-half day. Even her propeller is large—as high as a three story building.
The Esso Atlantic is built with the following special features to improve operation.
Optimum Hull Shape Design Designed by Hitachi Zosendeveloped hull form calculation programs, the Esso Atlantic features a highly efficient hull shape which gives her excellent course stability, maneuverability, and reduced resistance. She is also the world's largest single-screw vessel, and is equipped with a nozzle propeller.
Unmanned Engine Room Operation Highly sophisticated automatic and monitoring systems are adopted to bring a substantial reduction in labor. The main engine is remote-controllable from the wheelhouse, and the engine room can be operated unmanned around the clock.
Reduced Fuel Consumption After extensive research, more than 10 fuel conservation systems or equipment units were incorporated to lower fuel consumption (198.4 grams/hp/hr at sea trials).
These include: (1) Improved main condenser vacuum (723.5 mmHg) ; (2) Adoption of five-stage steam bleeding and five-stage feedwater heating system, and (3) Improved boiler efficiency.
Inert Gas Explosion Prevention System Whether loaded or empty, the ship's crude oil tanks are filled with inert gas to reduce oxygen concentrations and thus prevent explosion.
Crude Oil Washing System A crude oil washing system for tank cleaning is adopted to provide improved cleaning and cargohandling performance.
Lifeboats And Sprinkler Systems Two 60-passenger FRP fireresistant lifeboats are provided as lifesaving equipment. The ship is also equipped with sprinklers to spray seawater on the lifeboats onboard the ship and during lowering to the sea to protect the crew and lifeboats from fire.
Automatic Navigation System An automatic navigation system is provided to improve safety, reduce operation costs and minimize onboard work.
Elevators The engine room, living quarters and main pump room are equipped with elevators to facilitate vertical traffic.
The living quarters are also extraordinarily comfortable, with vibration and noise reduced to about 1/3 the levels of other large ships.
The approximate measurements and main particulars of the Esso Atlantic are as follows: length overall, 1,334 feet; length between perpendiculars, 1,280 feet; molded breadth, 233 feet; molded depth 102 feet; designed full-load molded draft, 82 feet; deadweight tonnage, 508,731, and gross tonnage, 234,626.8. The main engine is a Hitachi UC-450-type steam turbine (one set) with a continuous maximum output of 45,000 hp at 80 rpm producing a trial speed (maximum) of 16.051 knots. The ship carries ABS classification and is registered under the Liberian flag.
Other stories from October 1977 issue
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- $11-Million Award To Raymond Int'l For Dock Work In Nigeria page: 4
- Shipyards Will Bid On Matzer-Designed Ro/Ro Containership page: 6
- James A. Farrell Jr. Receives Admiral Of The Ocean Sea (AOTOS) Award page: 6
- Bethlehem Beaumont To Build Teledyne Drilling Platform page: 6
- Newport News Lays Keel For First ULCC In $418-Million Contract page: 6
- Chesapeake Corporation Names Elmer Curfman Marine Superintendent page: 7
- LNG Shipping— What Prospects Now? page: 8
- Newport News Delivers Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carrier Dwight D. Eisenhower page: 10
- American Bureau Of Shipping Elects Johnston President page: 10
- DeLong Corporation Appoints Ogden Chief Engineer page: 10
- Dockside To Represent Burmeister & Wain In Southern California page: 11
- Sun Company Names Maling Vice President page: 11
- Atlantic Sandblasting Receives Fourteen-Ship Mexican Contract page: 12
- Bethlehem Steel Names Thomas Robinson To Central Technical Post page: 14
- Paul Atkinson Retires, Peter Hepp Elected Sun Ship President page: 14
- Todd To Build Santa Fe Pipelaying Vessel page: 15
- OCEANS '77 Conference Set For October 17-18-19 page: 16
- Hitachi Delivers 508,731-DWT Esso Atlantic —Largest Ship Ever Built In Japan page: 18
- Alco Power Southwest Headquarters In New And Larger Houston Location page: 18
- Zapata Names Four Senior Executives To New Posts page: 18
- Booklet Describes Vinyl Coatings For Corrosion Control page: 18
- Crowley Subsidiary Awarded $39-Million Cool Barge Contract page: 20
- ABS President Foresees Trend Toward Nuclear Merchant Ships By 1990 page: 21
- Oosterhuis Industries Supplies American Brons Diesel Engines To Five New Offshore Tugs Ship Buying Spree page: 22
- Carrington Launches Self-Unloading Cement Carrier page: 22
- Bird-Johnson Appoints National And Regional Sales Managers page: 23
- Ro/Ro Shipping-An Appraisal Of Its Role In Dry Cargo Trade page: 24
- Leif Hoegh Orders Two Multipurpose Ships From Japanese Yard page: 25
- Hyundai Shipbuilding Licensed To Build B&W Diesel Engines page: 25
- Chinese On Worldwide Ship Buying Spree page: 26
- Senior USCG Advisor Robert Lakey Joins Helge Ringdal, Inc. page: 26
- Five Companies Form Technology Group To Build Canadian Ships page: 27
- Intermarine Brochure Fully Describes New Marine Radar page: 28
- Shipowners Seek To Enjoin Alaska State Tanker Law page: 28
- Avondale Launches 165,000-DWT Tanker For Standard Oil (Ohio) Alaskan Service page: 29
- R.E. Derecktor Delivers Tug To Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Co. page: 30
- Northeast Marine Terminal Announces Start Of Affiliate Operation In Savannah, Ga. page: 31
- American President Lines Names Capt. E.J. McClafferty page: 31
- Maine Maritime Academy Shipping Management Seminar Labeled Outstanding Success page: 32
- Nuclear Merchant Ship Environmental Impact Analysis Published page: 34
- Paper On Drydock Designs Presented At San Diego Meeting page: 34
- Schneider And Moody Named To New Posts At Moore-McCormack Lines page: 34
- Burmeister & Wain Opens Marine Service Center In Hong Kong page: 34
- Packet Offered On Hiring Filipino Seamen page: 35
- Prudential Lines Names Captain George Evans page: 35
- Brochure Describes Removal Of Smoke From Air Vents page: 35
- Maritime Industry Metric Conversion Study Is Available page: 36
- Interocean Conducts Inert Gas Course page: 36
- Gotaverken Delivers Third Tanker For Iraq page: 36
- Crossocean Shipping Names Thomas Giardino page: 36
- Johnston Vertical Pumps Names Hoffert Marine page: 36
- MarAd To Study Liner Segment Of U.S. Merchant Fleet page: 37
- United States Lines Names Capt. Yarborough Assistant Marine Supt. page: 39
- Varo Names Johnson Marine Coordinator page: 39
- American Club Triples Tonnage In Five Years page: 39
- Device Prevents Cable From Becoming Tangled With Buoy Lines page: 42
- Sea Power Symposium Set For Los Angeles November 4, 1977 page: 42
- MarAd Releases 15 Technical Reports On Gas Turbines page: 42
- Bath Iron Works Appoints Igo Jekkals page: 43
- Webb Institute Receives Grant For Research Facilities page: 43
- Mechling States All Modes Necessary For Sound System page: 44
- Gonsoulin Industries New Mother Company For LeBeouf Towing page: 44
- ABS Reports Increase In Classifications page: 44
- APL Team To Analyze Systems Controlling Steam Plants On Ships page: 45
- Campbell Delivers Second Offshore Vessel To Biehl page: 46
- Stow Introduces New Remote Valve Control Flexible Shaft page: 46
- U.S. Navy Officers Assigned To Kings Point page: 46
- Owners Strongly Oppose Federal Financing Bank Control Of Title XI page: 47
- World's First Naval Exposition Set For Netherlands June '78 page: 48
- Eleven New Members Elected To American Bureau Of Shipping page: 48
- CCL Shipcare Limited New Marine Service page: 48
- Camar Develops Blowers Designed For Shipboard Inlet Gas Systems page: 50
- New Maritime Firm Port Fabricators, Inc. Active In Louisiana page: 50
- Report Shows 101 Plants Locate Waterside In First Quarter Of 1977 page: 51
- Edwin G.B. Terry Joins Tidewater Marine Service page: 53
- Waterproofed Engines On Self-Righting Lifeboat Restart Following Capsize page: 53
- Port Of St. Louis Propeller Club Elects Robert Patrick page: 54
- Lloyd's Register Announces Major Changes For 1978 page: 54
- Maxon Marine Industries Delivers Specially Designed Towboat To J.L. Shiely Company page: 55
- SNAME Publishes 'Gas Trials Guide For LNG Vessels' page: 55
- DeLong Jack Systems Described In Brochure page: 55
- James J. Bolton Elected President Jered Industries page: 56
- North American Philips Offers New Radio Telex System For Shipboard Communications page: 58
- Mangone Delivers 185-Foot Supply Vessel To Briley page: 58
- Britain's P&O Group Designs New Type Naval Vessel To Be Built In Private Yards page: 60
- Equitable Lays Keel For First Of Three Breakbulk Vessels For American Atlantic Shipping page: 60
- Study Of Superports And SBMs For Tankers Published page: 63
- Blue Water Marine Forms New Division —George Gray Named page: 64
- Buenos Aires And Manila Added To ABS Network Of Technical Offices page: 64
- American Heavy Lift Shipping Company Names Two Top Executives page: 64
- W.L. Bull Jr. Named Marine Transportation Director For NLFI page: 65
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