No. California SNAME Discusses Ships And Terminals For Nodules Mined From Deep Pacific Ocean

Benjamin Van Cleve Andrews, naval architect, presented a paper entitled "Transport Ships and Marine Terminals for Manganese Nodules Mined from the Deep Pacific Ocean," at a recent dinner meeting of the Northern California Section of The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, held at the Engineers Club in San Francisco, Calif.

Mr. Andrews presented a detailed analysis of all significant economic and technical considerations involved in the ocean mining projects presently being developed in the Eastern Pacific area just north of the equator.

Mr. Andrews pointed out that this area makes it practically possible to use either U.S. or foreign-flag ships. American ships would be more expensive.

Mr. Andrews examined in detail the considerations involved in selection of handling methods from conventional dry bulk to slurry.

The current "distress prices" for "oriental" new buildings, involving little more than material costs, were graphically depicted in all economic studies, but had to be neglected for long-term projections due to their unpredictable validity.

This paper generally summarized a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration research project.

Discussers were: Peter Fisher, Matson Navigation; Vincent Vanriper, American Bureau of Shipping; Alan Windley, naval architect ; Christopher Barry, Morris Guralnick & Associates ; Peter Woodyatt Bowman, marine engineer; Miklos Kossa, naval architect; Allan Thomas Maris, Morris Guralnick & Associates, and Frank Vibrans, Nickum and Spaulding Associates, Inc.

Maritime Reporter Magazine, page 33,  Jul 15, 1978 California

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