While debate continues on whether or not fuel cell-based power generation can be a viable proposition for the commercial marine market, its advocates in the engineering industry are making headway in giving practical form to the technology.
The installation of a fuel cell power unit aboard a 12-m (approx. 40- ft) yacht, fully approved and safety-certificated by Germanischer Lloyd, has provided an important, albeit modestlysized, new waterborne platform for the concept.
Using Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)-type fuel cell modules supplied by Ballard Power Systems of Canada, MTU Friedrichshafen has prepared a complete propulsion system which enables the craft, known as No. 1, to run at seven knots under fuel cell power alone. Installation of the plant was overseen by German power station operator 1PF, owner of the yacht, sailed on Lake Constance, a very large body of water bordered by Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Given the lake's role as Europe's largest public water supply reservoir, the silent operation and claimed emissionsfree performance of the powering arrangements confer the requisite, exemplary ecological credentials. No l's plant is an electric hybrid system consisting of multiple fuel cell modules, lead-gel accumulators, and electric drive motor, plus the hydrogen tanks for feeding the fuel cell, and a quantity of electronic control and monitoring equipment.
The CoolCell system, so named because of its operation at a relatively low temperature of about 65-degrees Centigrade, compared with the 650- degrees C of the HotModule type, for instance, comprises four modules with a unit electrical output of 4.8-kW. "Even if the yacht market is not yet ready for the wide-scale introduction of fuel cell technology, we want No 1 to be proof of the fact that we are in the position to successfully manufacture mobile fuel cell propulsion systems," said Dr. Rolf A. Hanssen. chairman of MTU Friedrichshafen and head of the DaimlerChrysler Off- Highway business unit. MTU is part of DaimlerChrysler, which also has a 25-percent stake in Ballard. CoolCell is regarded as suitable, in principle, not only for yachts but also for power generation in many other mobile applications, including commercial and military vessels, and for rail transport.
MTU is in the vanguard of fuel cell technology in Europe, and the company's developmental work on commercial marine applications has been undertaken in cooperation with Ballard, which also supplies the modules for the Mercedes Benz A-cIass fuel cell automobiles.
MTU's Hot Module fuel cell, a decentralised and versatile, miniature power station, is expected to be put into series production in 2006, following a growing number of field trial plants at locations in Europe, America and Asia.
European initiatives, both involving power systems supplier Wartsila Corporation, have given fresh impetus to the development and application of fuel cell technology aboard ship. The Finnish organization has entered into a pact with Danish firm Haldor Topsoe aimed at bringing cost-competitive fuel cell
German industry is doing much to advance the development and application of fuel cell technology, and is responsible for many of the initiatives launched so far in the marine sector. Although skeptics in the commercial shipping domain discount the chances of a substantial uptake of fuel cell power abo
solution will become more viable in a significant way to power the cruise ship's hotel functions. Royal Caribbean Cruises (RCL) has announced that fuel cell technology will play a role on its Icon-class ships being built by Meyer Turku for delivery in 2022 and 2024. In 2017, ABB piloted the cruise industry’s
A maritime consortium, including ABS and Sandia National Laboratories, recently proved the viability of a hydrogen fuel cell ferry designed for operations in the environmentally sensitive San Francisco Bay area. The IMO’s mandate to cap the sulfur content in marine fuel at the start of next year
takeover, Meyer Turku has produced several ships, including the 99,000+ GT ships Mein Schiff 4 and Mein Schiff 6 for TUI Cruises, and most recently the dual-fuel cruise ferry Megastar for Tallink delivered in January 2017. Though the yard has the capability to produce other types of vessels, Tapani Pulli
, Sandia National Laboratories, set about to conduct a feasibility study to see if a realistic vessel design could be crafted to incorporate hydrogen fuel cell technology into a modern high speed passenger vessel with zero emissions. The task was further defined to ensure that the engineered concept would garner
Battery life should be carefully evaluated. Given the rapid changes in battery technology, is a long battery life really the wisest decision? Fuel cell technology is real but the fuel is very expensive given the current sources of supply. As the hydrogen supply infrastructure develops, fuel cells will
is a benefit that has proven particularly efficient on gas engines with typically longer response time, and is believed to be a perfect partner when Fuel Cell technology comes as base load provider. There are multiple OSV's and Ferries operating today with the combination of gas engines and batteries onboard
sectors reduce their carbon footprint shipping’s is likely to increase as an overall percentage. The wider take up of liquid natural gas LNG as a marine fuel, however, is not the answer to meeting the great energy challenge that shipping and indeed other industrial sectors face. This is principally because
Millennium Cell Inc., which designs and develops systems for the safe use of hydrogen fuel in energy applications, has teamed with Seaworthy Systems in a CCDOTT (Center for Commercial Development of Transportation Technologies) and California State University, Long Beach Foundation program. This
WiSub pin-less connectors, respectively. It was then due to perform work in the North Sea this year.Meanwhile, Cellula is also working on onboard fuel cell technology for long-duration, long-endurance AUVs. The fuel cell system will incorporate a novel hydrogen peroxide oxygen delivery system. Complementary
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tech delivers cost savings and Waagen’s Test Center attracts A place to grow Along with the 1,100-square-meter testing and training cen- wind power entrepreneurs, ? oating or marine wind power con- ter backed by The Switch — plus researchers, equipment and tinues to grow. Since Equinor’s launch of a
At least one unnamed wind player (our guess is Equinor) has “Norwegian Catapult” or the Test Center — is hoping to pro- already signed on with Unitech. While they’ve opted for wind duce other Unitechs out of an expected stream of startups. power cables, Unitech is also in negotiations with clients for
n Europe, where offshore turbines heavily dot maritime tween wind turbines. The spooling system can also be mount- maps, there’s acknowledged room for innovation in ed as a barge. turbine construction, support shipping and subsea. In- Spooled cable is custom “spun” like yarn from a ? xed or Istallations
The making of a (supply chain) star Wind is “the tech of choice,” the International Energy Agency said recently, just as a new report by the University of Delaware outlined the opportunity in U.S. of shore wind: 5,000 miles of of shore cabling and 1,700 turbines, it turns out, are bundled into current
AUV visuals: Swire Seabed’s user interface. Photo: Swire Seabed Norway has announced it will follow the Cooke Isles example of issuing licenses to quali? ed subsea mining companies. Ocean Minerals’ quali? ed offshore process involves low- ering pipe bound to nodule-harvesters on the seabed. Nod- ules
waii, underwater mining tools target the whole gamut of min- of major offshore acreage awards. Deepsea miner, Ocean ing support tasks. Minerals, says REEs are “17 chemically similar metals con- sisting of the 15 elements known as the lanthanides plus yt- High-stakes ops trium and scandium” and they’re of
Mining for AUVs In Europe, there are sure signs that underwater mining is the next big market for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV), remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV) and new “drones” called HROV, DART or TURTLE. Among the indicators is the involvement of mining companies, governments
tenance activities, these are effectively hotel boats with a lot term we want to develop the HAUV track and survey buried of redundant time. We have developed HAUV to be able to be cables autonomously. Various pipe tracking technologies are deployed and recovered from these vessels essentially replac-
AUVs in the market are not actually that autonomous; often from a quayside at a lake close to Saab’s Facility in Sweden the vessel needs to track the vehicle during a scope, which, in to perform a “mow the lawn” style pre-programmed survey our eyes, defeated the object of the autonomous feature.”
fter four years spent developing an autonomous HAUV will return to its dock on completion of the work scope underwater vehicle (AUV)/remotely operated un- and will wait to be recovered at a convenient time. “For ex- derwater vehicle (ROV) hybrid (HAUV) based on ample, if you have engaged a vessel to