While debate continues on whether or not fuel cell-based power generation can be a viable proposition for the commercial marine market, its advocates in the engineering industry are making headway in giving practical form to the technology.
The installation of a fuel cell power unit aboard a 12-m (approx. 40- ft) yacht, fully approved and safety-certificated by Germanischer Lloyd, has provided an important, albeit modestlysized, new waterborne platform for the concept.
Using Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)-type fuel cell modules supplied by Ballard Power Systems of Canada, MTU Friedrichshafen has prepared a complete propulsion system which enables the craft, known as No. 1, to run at seven knots under fuel cell power alone. Installation of the plant was overseen by German power station operator 1PF, owner of the yacht, sailed on Lake Constance, a very large body of water bordered by Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Given the lake's role as Europe's largest public water supply reservoir, the silent operation and claimed emissionsfree performance of the powering arrangements confer the requisite, exemplary ecological credentials. No l's plant is an electric hybrid system consisting of multiple fuel cell modules, lead-gel accumulators, and electric drive motor, plus the hydrogen tanks for feeding the fuel cell, and a quantity of electronic control and monitoring equipment.
The CoolCell system, so named because of its operation at a relatively low temperature of about 65-degrees Centigrade, compared with the 650- degrees C of the HotModule type, for instance, comprises four modules with a unit electrical output of 4.8-kW. "Even if the yacht market is not yet ready for the wide-scale introduction of fuel cell technology, we want No 1 to be proof of the fact that we are in the position to successfully manufacture mobile fuel cell propulsion systems," said Dr. Rolf A. Hanssen. chairman of MTU Friedrichshafen and head of the DaimlerChrysler Off- Highway business unit. MTU is part of DaimlerChrysler, which also has a 25-percent stake in Ballard. CoolCell is regarded as suitable, in principle, not only for yachts but also for power generation in many other mobile applications, including commercial and military vessels, and for rail transport.
MTU is in the vanguard of fuel cell technology in Europe, and the company's developmental work on commercial marine applications has been undertaken in cooperation with Ballard, which also supplies the modules for the Mercedes Benz A-cIass fuel cell automobiles.
MTU's Hot Module fuel cell, a decentralised and versatile, miniature power station, is expected to be put into series production in 2006, following a growing number of field trial plants at locations in Europe, America and Asia.
European initiatives, both involving power systems supplier Wartsila Corporation, have given fresh impetus to the development and application of fuel cell technology aboard ship. The Finnish organization has entered into a pact with Danish firm Haldor Topsoe aimed at bringing cost-competitive fuel cell
German industry is doing much to advance the development and application of fuel cell technology, and is responsible for many of the initiatives launched so far in the marine sector. Although skeptics in the commercial shipping domain discount the chances of a substantial uptake of fuel cell power abo
solution will become more viable in a significant way to power the cruise ship's hotel functions. Royal Caribbean Cruises (RCL) has announced that fuel cell technology will play a role on its Icon-class ships being built by Meyer Turku for delivery in 2022 and 2024. In 2017, ABB piloted the cruise industry’s
takeover, Meyer Turku has produced several ships, including the 99,000+ GT ships Mein Schiff 4 and Mein Schiff 6 for TUI Cruises, and most recently the dual-fuel cruise ferry Megastar for Tallink delivered in January 2017. Though the yard has the capability to produce other types of vessels, Tapani Pulli
, Sandia National Laboratories, set about to conduct a feasibility study to see if a realistic vessel design could be crafted to incorporate hydrogen fuel cell technology into a modern high speed passenger vessel with zero emissions. The task was further defined to ensure that the engineered concept would garner
Battery life should be carefully evaluated. Given the rapid changes in battery technology, is a long battery life really the wisest decision? Fuel cell technology is real but the fuel is very expensive given the current sources of supply. As the hydrogen supply infrastructure develops, fuel cells will
Millennium Cell Inc., which designs and develops systems for the safe use of hydrogen fuel in energy applications, has teamed with Seaworthy Systems in a CCDOTT (Center for Commercial Development of Transportation Technologies) and California State University, Long Beach Foundation program. This
sectors reduce their carbon footprint shipping’s is likely to increase as an overall percentage. The wider take up of liquid natural gas LNG as a marine fuel, however, is not the answer to meeting the great energy challenge that shipping and indeed other industrial sectors face. This is principally because
WiSub pin-less connectors, respectively. It was then due to perform work in the North Sea this year.Meanwhile, Cellula is also working on onboard fuel cell technology for long-duration, long-endurance AUVs. The fuel cell system will incorporate a novel hydrogen peroxide oxygen delivery system. Complementary
. In the past couple of years, the discussion about alternative forms of propulsion increased, especially on the subject of gas turbines and hydrogen fuel cells (FC). Ships need a propulsion system that can provide reliable transportation from point A to point B within an acceptable period of time -
its willingness to push back the technological bounds when it announced at last year's SMM Exhibition in Hamburg that it had started development work on fuel cell marine propulsion. German propensity for front-line advance in engineering is also implicit in the nomination of Siemens PEM (proton exchange
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can be coupled with 150 kW of electrical output, with an electric drive, enabling ves- will be launched on the market and sels to maneuver with a zero fuel will cover a power range of be- requirements and zero emissions. tween about 1000 and 2200 kW per ZF is planning to make prototypes power train.
hybrid solution, which uses batter- late emissions limit of 0.04 g/kWh. The In 2020, Rolls-Royce plans to launch MTU’s Marine and Government busi- ies for fuel savings. It emphasized that regulation has been in force since Octo- a range of integrated MTU hybrid ship ness. With the aid of a modular system
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MARINE PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY Marine Propulsion New Engines, Thrusters & Transmissions Lift Ship Performance Edited By Tom Mulligan ith an emphasis on performance, ef? cien- cy and safety, the major motive power, propulsion and transmission systems makers are competing to be at the fore- front of
COATINGS & CORROSION CONTROL Figure 2 (right) Schematic illustration of the working principle of the UV-C concept. On the right, the principle of waveguiding in a test panel is demonstrated. Figure 3 (below_ Comparison of model simulations of the UV irradiation at the surface with corresponding
during sailing and thereby an ultraviolet-C (UV-C) emitting layer sailing and when it is docked. Station- guide that helps in distributing the ir- the fuel consumption, which results in applied on the underwater areas of the ary prototype tiles have been tested radiation across the surface. Prototypes
create an auto docking capability. So if the doors will open in 2020 – and it is ef- vironmental impact. We are all aware of key stakeholders and (through much you mix that with things like induction fectively relocating from the city center the legacy we’re leaving our children – work and collaboration
? ciency – whether that’s role,” and that’s much more lateral; of current marine industry trans- that’s much more about into the ports, formation? around fuel e
can be a very expensive mistake if you’re not focused on how you pull things together. For our industry it’s about ef? ciency – whether that’s around fuel ef? ciency or time to value in terms of, you know, get- ting container from port to port. It’s about safety – whether that is crew safety or a passenger
de Tugny, COO, Bureau Veritas Veritas. “Look at the cruise industry and have been present in academia since I ing to make some rules regarding big LNG as fuel; LNG as fuel in the cruise went to school in the 1980s, we talked data exchange; it’s the same type of sector is new, and with that you have to
“If you look at the methods that have been present in aca- demia since I went to school in the 1980s, we talked about neural networks, we talked about arti? cial intelligence and machine learning ... Now we have high capacity at good pric- es, creating this ‘perfect storm’.” Remi Eriksen, Group President
the Internet of Things (IoT), sensor kets in the industry.” will become more predictive and less technology and geo-spatial technology. intrusive; fueled by data, surveys will With the rapid technological advance- Nick Brown, Lloyd’s Register’s (LR) Ma- be driven by predictive analytics, only ments
The (R)Evolution & the future of ‘class’ By Greg Trauthwein The maritime industry is in the midst of a revolution, as mul- rom the sulfur cap in 2020 to the ballast water The American Bureau of Shipp- tiple technological trends and management technology ping (ABS) has adapted to the F to the CO2 road
revolutionary Aegis combat system. everything was new and different. electric propulsion (generating 78 MW Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7) guided of power); smooth topside spaces with missile frigate was a 20-year “throw- New is Old embedded antennas; a high degree away” ship with a small crew, with no
THE FUTURE OF THE NAVY Revolution & Evolution of Surface Combatants © temp-64GTX/AdobeStock Following the drawdown at the end of the Cold War, the Navy ? nds itself trying to build up again. The expansion of Russian and Chinese naval power has changed the calculus. By Edward Lundquist hile there will
Chairman & DNV GL Maritime CEO mitigation, climate control, an enclosed vessels once in port. My guess is that Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen believes that IACS head, full galley, and the list goes on. the natural attrition of mariners due to rules must “… allow for such new tech- We could offset a signi? cant
Images / Renderings: CREDIT Kongsberg and RAL) AN AUTONOMOUS FUTURE Autonomy Arrives Excitement. Controversy. Curiosity. Skepticism. These are just a few of thoughts, and emotions that arise to any mention of the topic of autonomous vessels. By Joseph Keefe uturistic, remote-controlled marine mand
No Worries Mate! New Fuel Rules: Behind Supportive Front, Industry Frets About Cost, Strategy, Supply There are studies and reports from and fuel cells) to be used for anything Agreement’s “well-known below two- classi? cation societies, scienti? c or- beyond short-sea shipping or speci? c degree goal.