AWO'S AMERICAN WATERWAYS SHIPYARD CONFERENCE IS SHAPING POLICY FOR LONG-TERM GROWTH
Apart f r om t h e 24 major deepsea shipyards, t h e r e exists a segment of the U.S. maritime indust r y composed of more than 300 small- and medium-sized commercial shipyards located throughout t h e nation on t h e East, West, and Gulf Coasts, the Great Lakes and t h e W e s t e r n r i v e r s . Although these shipyards employ only between 40,000 and 50,000 workers, their economic contribution to the nation is f a r g r e a t e r than t h e i r size would indicate. These s h i p y a r d s a r e responsible f o r building and repairing the tugboats, towboats, and barges for t h e fuel-efficient domestic water t r a n s p o r t a t i o n industry, the supply boats, crewboats, and other specialized vessels for t h e offshore service industry, and t he vessels for the fishing industry.
The American Waterways Shipyard Conference was organized as part of t h e American Waterways Operators, Inc. in 1976 to address the many problems faced by this segment of t h e industry.
Some of t h e major problems that sent shock waves throughout the industry were: the 1972 Amendments to t h e L o n g s h o r e m e n 's Act; the shortages of material created by the Arab oil embargo in 1973-74; and establishment of t h e O c c u p a t i o n a l Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
In the early 1970s, several attempts were made to bring the i n d u s t r y together such as the formation of an Ad Hoc Committee to fight the Longshoremen's Act. However, these efforts did not achieve the desired results.
In 1975, a group of nine shipyard e x e c u t i v e s f o r m e d t he "Shipyard Steering Committee," and elected Edward Renshaw, president of St. Louis Ship, as t h e i r first chairman. They approached t h e board of directors of The American Waterways Operators, Inc. and asked them to expand the scope of AWO's trade association activities to include s h i p y a r d s . T h e t w o g r o u p s reached an agreement to employ a professional staff person to administer the new shipyard activities, and in 1978 the shipyards were granted Conference status in AWO, which gave them maximum flexibility and autonomy in the conduct of t h e i r affairs.
Thus, in five short years, the common problems faced by t h is segment of t h e i n d u s t r y have bonded more than 70 of these small- and medium-sized shipyards into the American Waterways Shipyard Conference. In addition, several major shipyards are also members of t h e AWSC because they are partly engaged in this segment of t h e industry.
The Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act is still the most critical issue facing t h e AWSC. The liberalization of benefits engendered by the 1972 Amendments to t h e Act— coupled with indexed benefits and a bloated life insurance and retirement program—have created a situation where payments for not working often exceed salary.
The industry has exhausted i ts administrative remedies to t h is problem with the Department of Labor, and i t h a s brought actions in the Federal courts, many of which have gone all t h e way to the United States Supreme Court.
C h i e f J u s t i c e B u r g e r has described the Act "as about as unclear as a n y statute could conceivably be . . .", and Justice William Brennan called the Act a " . . . j u r i s d i c t i o n a l monstrosity...".
The only permanent solution to t h e problems in the Longshoremen's Act rests with Congress to undo what is wrong with the Act.
The House has held more than 20 days and the Senate has held one day of oversight hearings on the Act, and numerous amendments have been introduced, only to die in committee.
Meanwhile, t h e Longshoremen's Act continues to sap the financial and economic viability of t h e industries covered by it. Before 1972, only about 10 percent of t h e work force in small- and medium-sized shipyards fell under the jurisdiction of t h e Act.
A f t e r t h e 1972 amendments, with its shoreward extension of cov- erage, 90 percent of a shipyard's work force has come under the coverage of the Act.
W h i l e a t t e n t i o n to the Act waned in the latter days of the last Congress, the AWSC backed a narrow jurisdictional amendment t h a t would r e t u r n the Act's coverage to the water's edge for small- and medium-sized shipyards as it existed prior to 1972.
The Senate attached it as a nongermane amendment to a Housepassed bill, and it was passed by t h e entire Senate. The AWSC made a valiant effort to get this amendment to a conference committee; however, the effort had to be abandoned in the fleeting moments of the 96th Congress to avoid killing the underlying bill.
The AWSC, however, emerged as a political force, having brought a n a m e n d m e n t to the laborcoveted Longshoremen's Act closer to passage than any previous effort by other groups.
The AWSC is also a member of the Longshore Action Committee, a group of more than 60 organizations seeking broad ref o rm of the Longshoremen's Act.
This committee supports H.R. 25, a bill to amend the Act t h a t was introduced early in the 97th Congress by Representative John H.
Despite the serious problems facing this segment of the industry, the vitality of the shipyards represented by the AWSC has been the envy of many foreign shipyards. Several attempts to enter the U.S. markets were u n c o v e r e d by the AWSC and blocked. One method tried by several foreign companies was to obt a in United States Federal Government assistance through the F a r m e r s Home Administration (Department of Agriculture) and t h e Economic Development Administration (Department of Commerce) to finance the construction of foreign-owned shipyards in the United States. These shipyards would be fully qualified to produce U . S . - f l a g v e s s e l s that could enter the domestic trade under the Jones Act.
Another attempt to enter the U.S. market involved the construction of vessel sections in Korea. These sections would be shipped to the United States on t h e r e t u r n t r i p of bulk coal carriers, and the sections would be assembled and passed off as Jones Act vessels. This attempt was also blocked by the AWSC.
A l t h o u g h t h e foregoing attempts were u n c o v e r e d and blocked by the AWSC, it illust r a t e s the need for industry vigilance, intelligence, and action t h a t can only be provided by an alert and aggressive trade association.
Without such an organization, i n d i v i d u a l c o m p a n i es would not even be aware of the danger until it was too late.
The AWSC has also been active in urging the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to reduce the regulatory burden on the industry. Several programs have been inaugurated by the AWSC t h a t could set the stage for i n d u s t r y self-regulation in t h e area of occupational safety and health. First, a comprehensive set of t r a i n i n g programs are under development, s t a r t i n g with t h e new employee and going to t h e supervisory and professional levels. These programs are being developed under an OSHA "New Directions" g r a n t t h a t the AWSC received in 1980.
Second, the AWSC has urged OSHA to consolidate the three shipyard standards — shipbuilding, ship repairing, and shipbreaking — so that a vertical standard, expressed in performance r a t h e r t h a n specification terms, can be developed. A vertical standard f o r s h i p y a r ds would contain only those standards that are appropriate for shipyards, and all others would be eliminated. An initial step in this program was taken recently by OSHA when it published a proposed rule-making for a vertical standard for the marine terminal industry. And third, the AWSC has started a quarterly Occupational Injury and Illness Survey that will provide a baseline and statistical proof that our industry's safety and health programs are working.
When the foregoing items are completed, the AWSC will approach OSHA with a program for industry s e l f - r e g u l a t i o n . The Reagan Administration has said that it intends to lift the regulatory burden from the back of industry. The AWSC is eager to participate in this effort. Under the proposed plan, qualified shipyards can periodically certify to OSHA that they are in compliance with the s t a n d a r d s and t h e r e b y preclude unannounced OSHA inspections. This would restore the management prerogative of deciding how to attain s a f e t y and h e a l t h objectives, rather than allocating time and resources to meeting questionable regulations that may not provide a safer workplace.
The shipyard industry has operations that are under industry self-regulation. One notable example is the marine chemists program, which is highly regarded by both industry and government.
It should also be noted that this is one of the most hazardous areas of shipyard work, and it is accomplished with a near perfect safety record.
The AWSC is active in many other areas which are important to the industry. A review of the committee structure and the scope of their activities will present a more comprehensive picture of the AWSC.
The activities of the AWSC are guided by the nine-member Shipyard Steering Committee whose m e m b e r s s e r v e for three-year terms. Each year the AWSC elects a S t e e r i n g C o m m i t t ee member as chairman. The chairman automatically becomes a director in The American Waterways Operators, Inc., and a member of the board of directors' Executive C o m m i t t e e . In this way, shipyard activities are coordinated at the highest levels of t h e a s s o c i a t i o n . The recently elected chairman of the AWSC is John Buursema, president of Twin City Shipyard, Inc.
So far, six committees have been established to take action against nationwide problems affecting the industry and to monitor programs for the benefit of the industry. The Industrial Relations Committee, c h a i r e d by John Chantrey, vice president, Avondale Shipyards, Inc., monitored and participated in drafting the reform legislation to the Longshoremen's Act. In addition, they have commented on regulations and testified at hearings conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
As Avondale Shipyards is also an active member of the Shipbuilders Council of America, Mr.
Chantrey also acts as liaison for the activities of these two associations.
The AWSC is an association member of the Shipbuilders Council, which also facilitates coordination at the staff level.
This committee also conducts the annual Wage and Benefit Survey of shipyard production employees that has proven to be a valuable tool in labor relations.
The Economic and Commercial Committee, under the chairmanship of Robert W. Greene III, president, Jeffboat, Inc., is responsible for gathering industry data through the annual Shipyard Survey. This information is tabulated for the last 10 years.
The annual Shipyard Survey contains such information as the number of vessels built and repaired, e m p l o y m e n t statistics, availability of materials, and revenues.
The profile of the industry developed by this survey serves as the foundation for conference testimony before the various Congressional committees and administrative agencies and provides the industry with an important marketing tool.
The Vessel Repair Committee, c h a i r e d by John W. Sansing, president, Newpark Shipbuilding and Repair, Inc., concentrates on matters affecting the repair of vessels. E x a m p l e s i n c l u d e the Coast Guard's proposed rule-making concerning waterfront facilities and the application of proposed tankerman regulations to gas-freeing facilities. Other areas include the Environmental Protection Agency's proposed regulations on hazardous waste, and other regulations that would affect gas-freeing plants and drydocks.
Committee members represent the industry on several technical committees of the National Fire Protection Association, which promulgates shipyard and tank vessel fire protection standards. They are also working closely with the NFPA and the Marine Chemists Association to develop the marine chemists training c u r r i c u l u m.
This committee also takes the lead in supporting the marine chemists function as an area of industry self-regulation.
The C o m m i t t e e of Counsel, chaired by Dwight Miller, St.
Louis Ship, keeps the membership abreast of cases relating to the Longshoremen's Act, OSHA, manufacturers' liability and other matters. The Committee provides a clearing house for legal information pertaining to shipyards, and it advises the AWSC as to whether it should enter certain judicial matters either as a plaintiff or as an amicus curiae.
The Shipyard Safety Committee, chaired by Vincent Laverghetta of St. Louis Ship, was awarded a $50,000 planning grant under the OSHA "New Directions" program. The purpose of the grant is to assess the safety and health needs of the industry and to establish a safety training program for the new employee before he encounters safety and health hazards on the job. Also included is a guide for shipyard management explaining how to use the program effectively, how to adapt the training material to individual shipyards, and how to evaluate the impact of the training on new employees.
The Shipyard Safety Committee plans to apply for a developmental grant to produce additional shipyard safety training programs for supervisory and professional personnel. The developmental grant will also establish the AWSC as a center of competency for shipyard safety within a three- to five-year period, a f t e r which the activity will be financially self-sustaining. The committee has also published and distributed a "Catalogue of Safe- ty Training Aids" to the AWSC membership. A quarterly injury and illness survey has also been started to pinpoint hazards so that the committee can develop corrective actions in a timely fashion.
The Membership and Public Relations Committee, now chaired by Neal S. Platzer, president of Platzer Shipyard, Inc., has conducted several membership campaigns over t h e p a s t s e v e r al years, and as a result of their efforts, the AWSC has more than 70 members.
In conclusion, the AWSC members invest part of their earnings and their time to keep up with the tide. AWSC members are constantly aware of developments in the industry, and the AWSC provides them with the tools they need for a more efficient operation.
Through the AWSC, the members' horizons are extended beyond their offices and shipyards.
By belonging to and supporting the AWSC, shipyards can serve the industry better. In turn, the AWSC, through its members, is shaping an environment that will assure the long-term growth and prosperity of this segment of the shipyard industry for the benefit of the nation.
Other stories from June 1981 issue
- SPC Coatings Combat Rising Fuel Costs- Literature Available page: 5
- Ryan-Walsh Bulk Terminal In New Orleans Resumes Coal-Handling Operations page: 5
- Brochure Available On Gilkes Self-Priming Pumps For Marine Market page: 6
- Henschel Changes Name Of Its Oklahoma Unit To Tulsa Division page: 6
- Atlantic Marine To Build Cat-Powered Drill Barge For Mecom Company page: 6
- National Marine Service Adds Sixth Drydock At Its Harvey Shipyard page: 6
- General Ship Expands Its Facilities In South Boston page: 6
- Floating Doughnut Crane Shown At Shugart Crane Conference page: 7
- EMD-Powered 'Gulf Condor' Delivered By Quality Shipyards page: 8
- RCA Opens Marine Services Office In Morgan City, La. page: 8
- Hans Schaefer Succeeds Arthur Stout As President Of Todd Shipyards page: 8
- FELS To Construct Semisubmersible Rig For Western Company page: 9
- David Parrot To Head New Aldenships Division Of John G. Alden Firm page: 9
- Edward Walsh Named Asst VP And Controller At J.J. Henry Company page: 9
- Oosterhuis Talk Describes Decline In Fuel Q u a l i t y - Free Copies Available page: 10
- Second Occidental Tug/Barge Unit Christened At Avondale Yard page: 10
- Megasystems To Provide Automation Package For Southern-Built Dredge page: 10
- Interlake's 'De Lancey' Christened- Longest Vessel On The Great Lakes page: 12
- Dravo Negotiating To Buy Operating Assets Of Nilo Barge Line From Olin page: 14
- Brochure Available On Foster Wheeler Boilers And Auxiliary Equipment page: 14
- A TIME OF GREAT EXPECTATIONS, ENTHUSIASM AND EXCITEMENT page: 15
- Vincent Ferraro Named Estimating VP For Savannah Shipyard page: 15
- Paceco Container Crane Arrives At Massport's Castle Island Terminal page: 15
- NASSCO Lays Keel Of First In Series Of Product Carriers For American Tankships page: 16
- Bay Shipbuilding Completes EMD-Powered Columbia Star page: 16
- Bryant Named Manager Of McGraw-Edison's New Marine Marketing Dept. page: 17
- Three New Technical Reports Available From Ship Structure Committee page: 17
- Penske Offers Brochure On Diesels/Gas Turbines For Marine/Offshore Power page: 18
- Subsidy Approved On USL Conversion Job To Cost $5.3 Million page: 18
- Consolidated Inland Opens East Division Office— R.R. Simms Named Manager page: 18
- El Paso Promotes Three- Harry Ray Named VP Of El Paso Marine page: 18
- MOBILE JACKUP PLATFORMSPAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE page: 19
- Serrie Joins Levingston As VP Of Operations page: 19
- lotron Conducts ARPA Demonstration In New York City page: 20
- First Of Five Hydrofoil Combatants Launched By Boeing Marine Systems page: 20
- ALL INDICATORS POINT TO DRAMATIC INCREASE IN DEMAND FOR BARGE CAPACITY page: 22
- Levingston Reorganized— Barrios, Covington And Wise To Head Three Units page: 22
- B IW Awarded $247-Million Navy Contract To Build Three Missile Frigates page: 24
- North Florida Shipyards Appoints Three—White Named Production Manager page: 25
- Captain Barry Roberts Named CO Of USCG's Curtis Bay Shipyard page: 25
- James Retert Joins Waukesha Engine As Director Of Marketing page: 27
- New U.S. Built Coal-Fired Ship To Be Powered By G.E. Steam Turbine page: 27
- Wasacz Succeeds Gray As President Of Matson Navigation page: 28
- Bel-Aire Yard To Build Two Tuna Seiners At Total Cost Of $20 Million page: 29
- AWO'S AMERICAN WATERWAYS SHIPYARD CONFERENCE IS SHAPING POLICY FOR LONG-TERM GROWTH page: 33
- Washburn & Doughty Delivers Combination Scalloper-Dragger page: 34
- GE-Powered Product Carrier For Union Oil Christened At NASSCO page: 34
- South Jersey Port Orders Heavy Duty Multi-Purpose Crane From Kocks page: 35
- U.S. NAVY - A MORE POWERFUL FUTURE page: 39
- RORO81 PREVIEW page: 39
- First Of Three Waterman Combination Carriers Features Largest MacGregor Stern Ramp page: 40
- OFFSHORE DRILLING RIGS, SUPPORT VESSELS, NAVY SHIPS, INLAND BARGES, AND REPAIR WORK BRIGHTEN THE U.S. PICTURE page: 41
- Canadian Yards And Government Speed Up Shipbuilding Training page: 41
- EDO Gets $3.9-Million Navy Award To Improve Existing ASW System page: 42
- Barber Steamship Lines Names Steven Roberts Assistant Vice President page: 43
- Navy Awards $276-Million Contract To Todd For Three Additional FFGs page: 43
- Promet Gets $60-Million Order For Drill Rig For Sedco Incorporated page: 44
- A VIEW OF WORLDWIDE SHIPBUILDING REVEALS SIGNS OF REVIVAL IN SOME SECTORS page: 45
- CANADIAN EAST COAST OFFSHORE SERVICE VESSELS-EXPERIENCES AND PROBABLE FUTURE REQUIREMENTS page: 50
- CANADA'S EAST COAST OFFSHORE OIL POTENTIALOPPORTUNITIES FOR SHIPBUILDING page: 52
- First Aegis Missile Cruiser Christened At Ingalls Yard page: 58
- Blount Delivers Commuter Boat To Fire Island Ferries page: 58
- Promet Private Limited Completes Jackup Service Barge For Sun Contractors page: 60
- Cornelsen Named Manager- Technical Operations For Well Control Systems page: 60
- Northern New England ASNE Holds Joint Meeting With NCAA & NANTS page: 64
- 'Griffin-Alexander I' Now In Service- First Of Eight Costing $280 Million page: 66
- SNAME Philadelphia Section Hears Report On Stack Performance page: 66
- Captain Sandberg Honored At New York Section SNAME Meeting page: 66
- Smit International Performs Tow Of Huge Production Platform page: 70
- Jackup For Houston Offshore Commissioned At Bethlehem Yard page: 70
- Joe B. Foster Named An Executive Vice President Of Tenneco Inc. page: 71
- New Booklet Lists Oil Spill Prevention And Cleanup Organizations page: 74
- New Brochure Describes Goodway's Full Line Of Tube Cleaning Equipment page: 74
- New Armco Weld Wire Accepted By U.S. Navy —Literature Available page: 77
- New Brochure Describes Sewage Treatment Plants From Weir Pumps Limited page: 78
- J.D. Cain Appointed A Division Manager For Racal-Decca Survey page: 79
- Wilson Walton Develops New Marine Incinerator —Literature Available page: 79
- DCC Orders Satellite Ground Equipment From Scientific-Atlanta page: 80
- Charles Orem, President Of Bird-Johnson, Named Chief Executive Officer page: 80
- J.P. Elverdin Appointed Vice President-Shipping For United States Steel page: 81
- Uniroyal Collapsible Rubber Drums Are Rugged —Literature Available page: 81
- Student Paper Presented At SNAME Northern California page: 82
- Catalog Detailing Its Full Line Of Products Available From Kraissl page: 82
- Ordering Brisk At Dravo, Including Four Towboats At Cost Of $16 Million page: 84
- N.A. DiRenzo To Head New Philadelphia Office Of Designers & Planners page: 84
- Western Gear Awarded $1.5-Million Contract For Six Drilling Rig Drives page: 84
- Jan van Lier Named A Vice President Of Moore McCormack Resources page: 85
- Student Papers Presented At Los Angeles SNAME page: 85
- Sedco Jackup Drilling Rig Christened At Promet Yard page: 86
- Detroit-Powered Towboat Delivered To FOSTI By Orange Shipbuilding page: 86
- W.L. Kwitchoff Named VP-General Superintendent At Savannah Shipyard page: 87
- Lunceford Elected Board Chairman And President Of National River Academy page: 87
- Vu-Gctge Systems Ordered By NASSCO For Tankers page: 88
- Wood Elected President Of Northwest Towboat Association, Seattle page: 88
- R.E. Fisher Appointed VP-Marine Services At SeaTec International page: 88
- DEBEG Marine Opens New U.S. Headquarters page: 89
- Hampton Roads SNAME Meeting Featured Sailing Film-Narration page: 91
- Puget Sound ASNE Hears Firsthand Account Of 'Prinzendam' Incident page: 92
- Rivtow Straits Orders EMD-Powered Tugboat From John Manly Yard page: 92
- Fred Shumaker Joins McClure Associates As Vice President page: 92
- Sun Transport's Latest Carrier Has Many Advanced Features page: 93
- Albert Termo Named VP-Marketing And Planning At Universal Maritime page: 94
- Norshipco Names New Officers—Wesley Payne Promoted To Senior VP page: 94
- Yugoslav Shipyards Licensed To Build Rigs Designed By Levingston page: 95
- Walter Beam Named Vice President-Research And Development At Sperry page: 95
- Brochure Available On O i l / W a t e r Emulsifier From Cleanodan A/S page: 97
- Levingston To Build Rig For Mexican Owner At its Port Arthur Division page: 97
- $1.2-Million In Marisat Terminal Contracts Goes To Scientific-Atlanta page: 98
- Madeo Appointed Vice President-Operations For Ocean Salvors page: 98
- Riva Schwartz Promoted To Sales Manager For Simrad, Inc. page: 100
- $622,500 Contract For Atlantic Marine Yard Authorized By MSB page: 100
- New Brochure Describes High-Level Tanker Alarm With Automatic Shutdown page: 100
- Marinette Marine Awarded $1-Million Navy Contract For MCM Evaluation page: 102
- Forthofer And Reardon Named Vice Presidents For Perry Oceanographies page: 102
- Hitachi To Supply Four B&W Type Marine Diesels To People's Republic page: 103
- Hermann Helms Named VP-International For Lykes Bros. Steamship page: 103
- Reception Honors Wheeler's Appointment As Exclusive Agent For Schelde Yard page: 104
- New Kawasaki Stern Bulb System Provided Impressive Fuel Savings On Trial Run page: 104
- Marine Moisture's Tank Gauging Meets IMCO Rules —Literature Available page: 105
- Orders For Vessels Built To American Bureau Class Surged In 1980 page: 107
- Matson Promotes Three- John Couch Appointed Senior Vice President page: 107
- Macawber To Prepare Coal-Handling Manual Under MarAd Contract page: 108
- Hartzell Marine Blowers Meet Federal Specs- Literature Available page: 108
- Rick Comoglio Appointed Sales Engineer For EG&G Sea-Link Systems page: 108
- Ingalls To Build Second Jackup For Bonito Offshore page: 109
- Drew Promotes Three In Ameroid Marine D i v i s i o n - Kay Named Vice President page: 109
- Big Living Quarters Module For North Sea Production Rig Delivered By Blohm + Voss Yard page: 110
- N a t i o n a l Supply Promotes Three In Sales—Petersen Named VP-Marketing page: 112
- Boston VLCC Companies Ask For Title XI Aid On Tanker Retrofits page: 115
- New Gems Flow Switches Designed For Heavy D u t y - Literature Available page: 115
- Selfbulk Vessel Provides Versatile Cargo-Handling System page: 116
- Bender Yard Awarded Contract To Re-power Towboat 'Great America' With S.E.M.T. Pielstick Engines page: 117
- Bayou Black Shipyard Delivers Crewboat And Pusher To Sundance page: 134
- Admiral John M. W i l l - Navy And Merchant Marine Leader-1900-1981 page: 134