Tuna war and subsidy accusations add to fishing industry woes
Controversy continues to plague the European fishing industry.
Within days a so-called "tuna war" hit the headlines with ax-wielding Spanish fishermen boarding British drift netters and news broke of a spate of newbuild orders going to foreign yards amid accusations of unfair government subsidies.
Despite EC edicts, national rivalries will not go away and Spanish trolling fishermen were reportedly not happy with the netting activities of both British and French boats among the dwindling tuna stocks of the Bay of Biscay, a stock which they have traditionally thought of as their own. Both the British and French governments dispatched fishery patrol vessels to the area with little positive effect—the British ship promptly falsely arrested one of its own nation's boats (called by some an attempt to perpetuate a reputation for fair play) while the French navy reportedly fired water cannons at Greenpeace's Rainbow Warrior.
Additional discord was sparked off, although almost certainly unfairly, by the arrival in the remote Shetland Islands (part of the U.K. to the north of Scotland) of Altaire, a 243-ft. (74.2-m), 2,500-ton fish capacity Norwegian built dedicated tank trawler which, if not the largest of its type, is definitely one of the most sophisticated. Built for local owners at a cost of almost $15 million by Langsten Slip & Batbyggeri AS of Tomrefjord, the vessel is a pure pelagic trawler of all welded steel construction powered by a Wartsila Wichmann main engine developing 4,330 kW (6,000 hp) driving a four-bladed CP propeller inside a nozzle, with Brunvoll thrusters at both bow and stern.
Undoubtedly Langsten Slip's considerable expertise in building sophisticated vessels of this size was instrumental in obtaining the order.
News, however, that orders were about to be placed with Norwegian yards by Scottish owners for two 190-ft. (58-m) ships and that the Parnica yard in Poland is to build a 90-ft. (27.5-m) vessel brought forth cries of "foul play" from several quarters, especially as this followed the recent success of Spanish yards in obtaining orders from the same region.
The Polish situation is complicated by rumors, currently under investigation, that EC aid money is finding its way into shipyards in Poland, although the successful yard contends that cheap labor rates are responsible for its price, rather than subsidy. The problem is, however, how to define an illegal subsidy.
Would a large long-term government contract for, say, sectional steel storage tanks, a contract that most shipyards could easily fulfill, be considered a shipbuilding subsidy?
Clearly, such a contract would help a yard offset overheads, keep skilled people in productive work and, with a little co-operation, aid cash flow — enabling it to be just that shade more competitive.
National characteristics play a large part. In the U.K., the country perhaps most affected by losing orders, the argument is put forward that the government needs to learn to play the game by the rules as others apply them and to be as considerate to its industry as its European neighbors are to theirs — "fair play" can have another meaning.
Not all is doom and gloom in the U.K. yards, however, with highly respected Scottish yard Jones of Buckie picking up orders for a couple of steel trawlers, at 78.7 ft. (24 m) and 91.8 ft. (28 m).
MacDuff Shipyard is building a 61-ft. (18.6-m) steel trawler for an English customer and a 68-ft. (20.7- m) wooden vessel for a local skipper.
Cygnus Marine, located at the other end of the country in Cornwall, renowned over the years as the U.K's most prolific builder of GRP crabbers, netters, potters, longliners and small trawlers with a multitude of well proven molds, has recently shipped three identical 33-ft.
(10-m) longliners to the Seychelles.
Other stories from September 1994 issue
- Clipper III: A Case Study In Monitoring Systems page: 74B
- Permea Maritime Finishing Membrane Nitrogen Generator For Offshore page: 6
- 1969 Tonnage Convent HI Now Fully Operative page: 7
- USCG Announces Mandatory Registration of EPIRBs page: 8
- Vessel Financing In The '90s page: 11
- Dredging Feasibility Study For Jacksonville Harbor page: 13
- ILU Reports A Disappointing First Half of '94 page: 15
- CRIS: An Affordable, High-Risk Insurance Solution page: 17
- Colvic Craft Delivers 12 Of 44 Patrol Vessels To G r e e k Coastguard page: 18
- Bay Fabrication Lengthens OSV Ensco Endeavor page: 18
- Cutters Become First N . A . Surface Ships To Reach N o r t h Pole page: 18
- Designs for the 21st century page: 20
- Tuna war and subsidy accusations add to fishing industry woes page: 21
- Maximum Vessel Length To Transit Seaway Is Increased page: 23
- Gladding-Hearn Delivers High-Speed Cat To Maine Whale Watch Co. page: 24
- Elliott Bay Design Group Performs Finite Element Analysis For Arco page: 24
- State Of The German Shipbuilding Industry page: 27
- SMM '94 Product Showcase page: 28
- Blohm + Voss Shortens Sea-Land Ships, Gels QE2 page: 28
- Meyer Werft: The New Old Yard page: 30
- The German Maritime Industry page: 30
- HDW's Shipyard 2000 Plan In Full Swing page: 31
- Lindenau: Developments On The Containership, Tanker Fronts page: 32
- HydroComp, HSVA GmbH Announce Alliance page: 37
- MWH To Focus On Service As Well As Products page: 37
- SMM '94 page: 38
- Unger Named President Of Raytheon Marine Company page: 40
- Lykes Bros. Announces Organizational Changes page: 42
- Textron M&LS President Honored By Navy League page: 42
- Garrow Retires From Newport News page: 42
- Ingalls Christens Aegis Stethem, Commissions Aegis Stout page: 45
- Renewing Engine Monitoring Systems In Old Ships Saves Money page: 45
- Predicting Thermochemical Performance Of Materials Made Easier By NIST page: 46
- MES Completes Natural Gas-Fired High Efficiency Large Low-Speed Diesel Demonstation Plant page: 46
- Global Ocean Carriers Considers U.S. Yards, Title XI For Fleet Expansion page: 46
- N.E. Waterborne Gaming Conference & Exposition page: 47
- Casino Vessel Market Roots Spread To N.E. page: 47
- House Approves $ 1.35 Billion For Maritime Reform page: 48
- Trinity Wins $120-Million Contract For Two Vessels page: 48
- M T W Delivers Containership, Westerdeich page: 55
- Larger Vessels — Good Or Bad For The Liner Industry? page: 56
- Propulsion Machinery Review page: 58
- Newport News Pursues The Electric Drive page: 72
- GE LM2500+: Packing A More Powerful Punch page: 74
- Stolt Selects MMS' FleetWORKS For Tankers, Houston Office page: 77
- COMSAT President To Deliver Keynote Address At Satellite Communications Users Conference page: 78
- Sonsub Awarded Contracts From McDermott, Texaco page: 78
- Thor Dahl Shipping Expands To South Pacific page: 79
- SCN Container Line Linking South Florida, 12 Latin American Countries page: 79
- Fish Expo '94 - Boston page: 80
- Raytheon Subsidiary Teams With Scottish Firm On Undersea Project page: 81
- Navatek II Features Unique Fixed Stabilizer With Split Rudder System page: 83
- Keels & Appendixes page: 83
- Tanker Escorts, COFRs Fill OPA 90 Agenda page: 84
- VTS Participation Becomes Mandatory page: 86
- DGPS Given Go-Ahead In Northwest page: 87
- CSI: Offering Systems For Compliance With U.S. Coast Guard Requirements page: 90
- Hyde Products Offers Full Spill Response Line page: 90
- Annual Certification Of Alaska Advisory Group page: 90
- MarAd Gives Go-Ahead To Extend Cherry Valley's Subsidizable Life page: 91
- MarAd Expands Electronic Bulletin Board page: 92
- MarAd Receives Section 9 Applications page: 92
- Great Lakes Ports May Handle Preference Cargoes Under Program page: 92
- MarAd Approves Section 9 Requests page: 92
- Research Report — Shipboard Piloting Expert System — N o w Available page: 93
- NRC's Vikoma-Built Skimmer Proves Valuable In Oil Spill Cleanup page: 94
- Union Noval de Levante Launches Advanced-Technology Asphalt Carrier page: 94
- Bender Completes Riverboat To Operate In Bossier City, La. page: 94
- MarAd OKs APL Section 804(a) Waiver Request page: 96
- MarAd Issues Order Regarding Seabulk America page: 97
- THE WORLD ORDERBOOK page: 98
- Marco Designs N e w Class Of Combination Vessels page: 99
- Variable Draft SWATH DSV To Be Constructed page: 100
- Norshipco: Striving To Strike A Military & Commercial Balance page: 101
- Two Promotions At Midland Manufacturing; Increased Focus On Marine Market page: 106
- Alfa Laval Tapped For New Ships page: 106
- Nautronix To Supply DP System For USCG WLB page: 107
- Astilleros Espanoles' Puerto Real Yard Preps Shuttle Tanker For Delivery page: 108