Successful Full Load Operation of 5-MW Ship Propulsion Motor
American Superconductor Corp.
announced that its prototype 5- megawatt (MW) High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) ship propulsion motor has been demonstrated successfully at full load, under steady state operational conditions, at the Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS) at Florida State University in Tallahassee.
The motor was developed under contract with the U.S. Navy's Office of Naval Research (ONR) to prove the viability of HTS technology for both military and commercial marine propulsion.
After the 5-MW motor completes load and ship mission profile simulation tests at CAPS, it will undergo additional performance testing at the Naval Surface Warfare Center. Carderock Division in Philadelphia. The Navy will then define further land-based and at-sea testing for this motor.
"We continue to be pleased with these new test results on the 5-MW superconductor motor," said Rear Admiral Jay Cohen. Chief of Naval Research. "The HTS ship propulsion motors we have been developing continue to perform above our expectations and are providing an important new option for future Navy propulsion systems." HTS motors are ultra-compact, measuring as little as one-third the weight and one-half the size of copper-based motors of the same power and torque rating, which means Navy ships can carry more fuel and munitions and have more room for crew's quarters and weapons systems, and commercial ship owners and operators can carry more passengers and cargo.
Technical Background Significantly, the HTS motors being developed by AMSC involve no major changes in fundamental motor technology.
The machines operate in the same manner as conventional motors, gaining their substantial advantages by replacing copper rotor coils with HTS rotor coils.
The rotors of HTS motors run "cold," so they avoid the thermal stresses experienced by conventional machines during normal operation. The inability to achieve proper thermal management has been a key impediment in developing power dense, high torque motors required for naval and commercial marine applications.
AMSC's 5-MW (6,667 shp) HTS propulsion motor rotates at 230 rpm and generates 200,000 Newton-meters of torque at full power. This power and speed rating are typical for copper-based electric propulsion motors currently used in ferries and small cargo ships around the world. This class of superconductor motor also is expected to become a standard power rating for certain military ships.
The 5-MW HTS motor is a subscale version of the 36.5-MW (49,000 hp), 120 rpm HTS motor currently being built by AMSC and Northrop Grumman under a $70M three-year contract from ONR. The 36.5-MW motor, which will produce 2.9 million Newton-meters of torque, is due to go through a Detailed Design Review with the Navy in October - the next major step in its development. Scheduled to be delivered in the spring of 2006. the 36.5-MW motor is being specifically designed to provide propulsion power for the next generation of Navy warships. A motor of this scale also has direct commercial application in large cruise ships and merchant vessels. As an example, two 44-MW conventional motors are used to propel the famous Queen Elizabeth 2 cruise ship. These motors each weigh over 400 metric tons: the 36.5-MW HTS motor will weigh approximately 75 metric tons. Newer vessels, such as the QE2's sister ship Queen Mary 2, which sailed on her maiden voyage in January 2004 and has a total propulsion requirement of 84-MW. are ideal candidates for HTS motors.
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