Since worldwide cruise ship construction is at an all-time high, with more than 20 new cruise liners being built, on order, or in the planning stage, and U.S. yards are busy building a number of cruise boats and ferries, the editors of Maritime Reporter and Engineering News have put together a feature on some of j;he most notable, and perhaps, momentous newbuildings and conversions of f987.

The selections for the "Outstanding Cruise Ships and Passenger Vessels of 1987" were chosen on the basis of their superior performance characteristics, design and features.

This year's selections seem to have a distinct "aristocratic flavor," with almost half of the 23 award recipients having a "royal aspect" to their names.

For example, the Sovereign of the Seas, the 74,000-grt luxury liner built by Alsthom's Chantiers de l'Atlantique, the Queen Elizabeth 2, converted by Bremerhaven-based Lloyd Werft, and the Wart- sila-built Kronprins Harold headline the cruise ships.

Featured among the inland and coastal cruise and passenger vessels are the Caribbean Princess, the steamer replica Cajun Queen and the cruise boat Treasure Queen, built by Freeport Shipbuilding.

Two selections were named Majestic, one a 1,000-passenger sternwheeler replica converted by Patti Shipyard, and another a 325- passenger ferry built by Aluminum Boats.

The Ships CELEBRATION Kockums The newest Carnival Cruise Lines Inc. "Fun Ship," the Celebration, joined her sistership, the Jubilee, after her delivery last year. Both 47,262-grt cruise liners were built by Kockums AB of Malmo, Sweden.

The Jubilee was delivered in the summer of 1986.

With an overall length of 733 feet, beam of 92 feet and moulded depth of 25 feet, the Celebration has a total of 733 standard cabins and 10 deluxe suites. The new Superliner has a passenger capacity of about 1,500 and carries a crew complement of 680.

Powered by two low-speed Sulzer 7RLB66 diesel engines with integral thrust bearings each coupled directly to KaMeWa controllable-pitch propellers with highly skewed blade design. The main engines each have a maximum continuous rating of 15,770 bhp at 140 rpm. She can obtain a service speed of 19.5 knots.

The Siemens propulsion control system, which includes automatic main engine overload control as well as an engine load increase feature, incorporates different operating modes, including: constant speed operating mode at 136 rpm for shaft alternator operation; and two combination operating modes—one thrust mode and one pitch mode— where the engine speed, propeller thrust and propeller pitch are controlled according to pre-established curve.

KRONPRINS HARALD Wartsila The 545 % -foot car/passenger ferry Kronprins Harald was delivered during March of last year by the Turku Shipyard of Wartsila Marine Industries to her owner, I/S Jahre Line. After her delivery, she left for her homeport of Oslo, Norway, where she was put into service on the Oslo-to-Kiel run, replacing the old Kronprins Harald built in Germany in 1976.

The 31,122-gross-ton ferry has a molded breadth of 93 feet and design draft of 21 feet. She is powered by four medium-speed main diesel engines, two Wartsila-Sulzer 12ZAV40, each having a capacity of 6,600 kw, and two Wartsila-Sulzer 6ZAL40, each having a capacity of 3,300 kw, coupled to the shafts in a "father-and-son" arrangement. She has a speed of 22 knots at 83 percent mcr and a draft of 21 feet. Her auxiliary engines comprise two Wartsila Vasa 8R22HF, each having a capacity of 1,180 kw, and two Wartsila Vasa 12V22HF, each with a capacity of 1,770 kw.

When designing the engines, the main dimensions and the hull form, special attention was given to the total fuel consumption. The new vessel uses the same amount of fuel during a tour (Oslo-Kiel-Oslo) as the old Kronprins Harald, even though the gross tonnage is ahout 50 percent higher.

The passenger areas of the new ferry comprise 468 cabins with a total of 1,440 berths. Special attention was given to the sound insulation of the cabins. The vessel has a trailer deck, a cargo room for trailers, and a private car deck above the trailer deck. The maximum number of trailers she can hold is 54, while her No. 4 deck can hold 283 cars.

MONACO Perana Dockyards The RO/RO passenger ship Monaco operated by Euroferries was refitted last year with two Wartsila Vasa 6R32 heavy fuel main engines at Perana Dockyards in Greece.

The refit on the 20-year-old vessel, which operates between Patras, Greece and Brindisi, Italy, was carried out on a very tight schedule, with installation and delivery only nine weeks after the order.

The new main Wartsila Vasa engines were hauled on board through the stern cargo door and a hole cut in the trailer deck. The existing cooling water system and engine foundation were slightly modified, while the existing reduction gears and propulsion system were used with alteration. New fuel and lube oil ancillary systems and a new cool- ing water system were also installed to facilitate heavy fuel operation.

The two six-cylinder Wartsila Vasa 32 main engines featured in the 2,600-grt Monaco are fourstroke medium-speed units capable of operating on the lowest grade of heavy fuels from start to stop.

NORSUN NKK The Norsun is a large, luxurious cruise ferry built and delivered by the Tsurimi Works of Nippon Kokan K.K. (NKK) for the Royal Nedlloyd Group N.V. of the Netherlands.

With an overall length of 588 feet, breadth of 83 feet and maximum draft of 20 feet, the Norsun has a gross tonnage of 31,598. She has a passenger capacity of 1,250 with 452 cabins.

Powered by four Wartsila-Sulzer medium speed diesel engines, two nine-cylinder 9ZAL40 engines and two six-cylinder 6ZAL40 engines, producing about 26,100 bhp in a "father and son" arrangement, the Norsun will travel from Hull, U.K., to Europort at 18.5 knots. While traveling from Europort to Hull, the Norsun will travel at 16.5 knots using her two aft Wartsila-Sulzer six-cylinder 6ZAL40 main engines.

Along with her sister ship, the Norsea, which was built by Govan Shipbuilders of the United Kingdom, the Norsun is in service for North Sea Ferries, a joint concern incorporated by Nedlloyd and P&O, and operating once a day between Hull and Europort, a distance of 200 nautical miles.

Equipped with cargo access equipment supplied by MacGregor Far East, the Norsun is also capable of carrying 850 cars and 590-foot by 40-foot trailers on her three fixed vehicle decks and one hoistable car deck. Crew and passenger accommodations are on her top four decks.

QE 2 Lloyd Werft One of the largest and most complex conversions ever performed by a West German shipyard was completed last spring, as one of the world's most famous ships, the Queen Elizabeth 2, was refitted with a new diesel-electric propulsion system and her accommodations and public spaces refurbished by Lloyd Werft of Bremerhaven. The complicated task took just 179 days.

The new propulsion plant of the QE 2 consists of nine MAN B&W 9L58/64 medium-speed diesel generators, which weigh 220 tons each, and two 340-ton GEC electric propulsion motors. The nine MAN B&W diesel generator sets develop a total output of 95,580 kw. The QE 2, with an overall length of 962 V2 feet, breadth of 105 feet and draft of 32% feet, can reach a maximum speed of more than 32 knots.

Besides the installation of the new propulsion plant, which comprised the major part of the conversion, passenger accommodations and public rooms were refurbished.

This work included the addition of eight penthouse suites, the rearrangement of the Double Down public area (with a new shopping area, bar and leisure rooms), renovation of the "Tables of the World" restaurant, upgrade of passenger and crew quarters, improvement of ship-to-shore communications, and new furnishings. Also, the QE 2 was fitted with a new funnel, which was lifted into place by a Smit Tak Taklift 5 floating crane, and an new livery.

International Paint supplied specialized coatings for the underwater hull of the QE 2 as well as other areas.

SOVEREIGN OF THE SEAS Alsthom When she makes her maiden voyage from Miami on January 16 of this year, Royal Caribbean Cruise Line's Sovereign of the Seas will become one of the largest and most luxurious cruise ships in operation today.

Built by Alsthom's Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyard of St. Nazaire, France, the Sovereign has an overall length of 874 feet, breadth of 106 feet, draft of 25 feet and a gross registered tonnage of 74,000. She will have a passenger capacity of 2,600, with 722 outside and 416 inside staterooms on her 14 passenger decks.

Cruising at about 21 knots, the Sovereign is powered by four ninecylinder 7,425-hp Pielstick diesel engines.

On her first sea trials, extensive tests of her engines, operating machinery, control and navigation systems, noise and vibration were all performed and met the owners' rigid standards.

"Sovereign of the Seas met or exceeded those standards throughout the entire ship's public areas, cabins, engine and control rooms," said Peter Whelpton, executive vice president-operations for Royal Caribbean Cruise Line.

The Centrum, a central five-deck lobby area, is the centerpiece of the Sovereign. Highlighted by glass bubble elevators, elegant staircases, fountains and plants, the Centrum connects many of the ship's 20 pub public rooms, including the shopping area, lounges, bars, conference center and two-story indoor/outdoor Windjammer cafe.

In all, the Sovereign offers two 650-passenger restaurants, six lounges, 16 shops, one casino and two pools. She has enough open deck space to fill three football fields.

The Boats CAJUN QUEEN Halter Marine The 600-passenger dinner/cruise boat Cajun Queen was delivered to New Orleans Paddlewheels, Inc., by Halter Marine, Inc., New Orleans, during 1987.

The 140-foot by 36-foot vessel, built to resemble an 1800s steamer, is powered by two 402-hp Caterpillar 3408 DITA diesel engines. Caterpillar Marine gear Model 7211 reduction gears operate through a 4.48 to 1 ratio. Electric power for the vessel is provided by two Caterpillar main generators, producing 135 kw at 1,200 rpm.

The vessel features three decks with enclosed air-conditioned rooms for viewing and private parties, and an open promenade deck. Victorian chandeliers, ceiling fans, pressed tin ceilings, bars, bandstands, dance floors, food service equipment and a sophisticated audiovisual system are a few of the features of the Cajun Queen CAPT. JP Service Marine Service Marine Industries, Inc., Morgan City, La., delivered the 600- passenger dinner cruise boat Capt.

JP to her owner Seguro, Inc., Ft.

Myers, Fla., last year.

The 106 V2 -foot false sternwheeler is powered by twin Detriot Diesel 8V-71 diesel engines rated at 262 hp each. The engines drive a pair of four-bladed Columbian Bronze propellers through Twin Disc MG509 reduction gears. Electricity is supplied by Cummins generator sets.

In addition, although she is classified as a false sternwheeler, the Capt. JP's paddlewheel has the ability to propel the cruise boat at about 3 knots without the use of her main engines. The paddlewheel is powered by a hydraulic motor via a chain and sprocket mechanism. The hydraulic motor is driven by a hydraulic pump, which is powered by a 40-hp electric motor. The motor is powered by one of the Cummins gensets.

CARIBBEAN PRINCESS Fjellstrand The passenger catamarin M/V Caribbean Princess was delivered early last year by Fjellstrand A/S of Norway to her owners, Viking Express Ltd. (Bahamas). At present, the 127-foot vessel operates between Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., and Freeport, Bahamas.

The Caribbean Princess, with a maximum speed of 35 knots, is equipped with two MTU engines providing a total output of 3,896 bhp, and Lips fixed-pitch propel- lers. Together with the vessel's advanced slender hull design, the Caribbean Princess's high speed produces favorable operating costs and high reliability.

With a passenger capacity of 310, the Caribbean Princess has a tourist class saloon on the first deck and a first class and exclusive VIP class saloon on the second deck. Other entertainment facilities on board include a cafeteria/bar and 14 slot machines.

CINDERELLA Marinteknik Last year, City Jet Line, a newly formed ferry company based in Stockholm, took delivery of the 137 Vi -foot fast ferry/day cruise boat Cinderella from Marinteknik Verstads AB, Oregrund, Sweden.

The Cinderella, a double deck ferry with a passenger capacity of 450, operates on a 60-nautical mile route from Stockholm to the Stockholm Archipelago.

The Cinderella differs from previous archipelago craft in that she is reportedly the first to use waterjet propulsion. With a cruising speed of 22 knots, she is powered by four Scania DSI 14 engines. The engines drive two Marinjet waterjets supplied by Marinejet Power System.

The upper deck of the Cinderella is an 85-seat restaurant. The ferry also has a cafeteria in her main saloon.


The 1,000-passenger sternwheeler Discovery III was built and delivered by Nichols Bros. Boat Builders of Whidbey Island, Wash., to owners Alaska Riverways, Inc., Fairbanks, Alaska, last year.

The Discovery III has an overall length of 156 feet, beam of 34 feet and a draft of 3 feet. The sternwheel is propelled by an advanced hydrau- lie system powered by a pair of Detroit Diesel 540-hp 12V71 diesel engines. She can reach speeds of about 11 knots. The vessel is also equipped with stern and bow thrusters to propel and maneuver the vessel in rapid, shallow water.

The 310-ton sternwheeler is operated from her homeport of Fairbanks, offering four-hour excursion/ sightseeing tours on the Chena River.

GOLDEN SUNSET Westport Westport Shipyard, Inc., Westport, Wash., delivered the 75-foot fiberglass luxury yacht Golden Sunset to the San Francisco-based tour and charter boat operator Blue & Gold Fleet during 1987.

The first boat built from a new, adjustable fiberglass mold at Westport, the Golden Sunset is powered by two Caterpillar diesel engines with Twin Disc reduction gears and Michigan Wheel propellers.

The vessel has a beam of 21.5 feet, draft of 5 feet, and a top speed of 17 knots. Designed for 100-person receptions and meetings, or 40-person informal dinners afloat, the craft offers a formal dining room, a custom wooden bar in the main salon and a bar on the sundeck, a master stateroom with queen-sized bed and Jacuzzi, a guest stateroom, a fullservice galley, and elaborate stereo sound and video systems.

MACKINAC EXPRESS Gladding-Hearn Delivered during the summer of 1987, the Mackinac Express, bulit by Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding of Somerset, Mass., is 82-foot, 365-passenger catamaran. The vessel is being oprerated by the Arnold Transit Company on the Great Lakes. She is said to be the first catamaran to operate on the Great Lakes.

The Mackinac Express is an International Catamarans (INCAT) P/L-designed vessel. These types of vessels are built by Gladding-Hearn and Nichols Bros. Boat Builders of Whidbey Island, Wash., under license in the U.S.

The 26-knot craft is of all-aluminum construction, and is powered by twin Deutz-MWM 604B diesel engines rated at 1,142 bhp at 1,800 rpm. The engines drive through ZF reduction gears.

MAJESTIC Aluminum Boats Aluminum Boats, Inc., Crown Point, La., delivered the 325-passenger commuter boat Majestic to the Boston Harbor Commuter Service.

Presently, she serves as a water shuttle to Boston's Logan Airport.

The Majestic is 100 feet in length, with a 25-foot, 6-inch beam and a 9-foot 4 V2 -inch depth. She is powered by four Detroit Diesel 12V71TI diesel engines driving through Twin Disc 514 reverse/reduction gears with a ratio of 2:1.

The Majestic's main deck can carry 175 passengers on padded seats and her upper deck can accommodate 150 people. The middle row of seats on the 01 level can be removed for dancing, the wet bar, buffet tables, etc., for the boat's other role as a charter vessel.

MAJESTIC Patti Shipyard The Gateway Clipper Fleet, Pittsburgh, Pa., took delivery of the 1,000-passenger, 270-foot riverboat Majestic last year. The riverboat was converted from a 160-foot barge, which was originally built by Mathis Shipyard, Camden, N.J., in 1950, with final outfitting performed by the Patti Shipyard, Pensacola, Fla.

The 270-foot Majestic, which is really a combination of two vessels generally referred to as an ATB or articulated tug-barge, is a deluxe false sidewheeler developed by Norman N. DeJong, president of the naval architecture and marine engineering firm of DeJong & Lebet Inc. of Jacksonville, Fla.; John E.

Connelly, owner of the Gateway Clipper Fleet; Zack D'Alesandro, general manager, Gateway Clipper Fleet; and Terry Wirginis, assistant manager at Gateway.

The Majestic's power plant consists of Catepillar 3508 main and 3408 auxiliary engines. The main engines drive Columbian Bronze stainless steel propellers via Twin Disc MG530 reverse reduction gears, while the auxiliary engines drive 300-kw generators, which pro- vide power to both the power unit and vessel.

The barge's superstructure underwent conversion at Baton Rouge, La., where the steelwork on the sponson decks, main deck, paddle boxes, Boiler Deck, and Hurricane and Texas Decks took place, and final outfitting at Patti Shipyard in Pensacola, Fla. Patti Shipyard provided shipfitting, sandblasting, painting, crane and other services.

MAJESTIC LADY Conrad The 76 V2 -foot, 300-passenger catamaran Majestic Lady was delivered by Conrad Industries, Inc. of Morgan City, La.

Commissioned by Citesjam Tours of Nassau, Bahamas, the three-deck catamaran is used for sightseeing, private parties, diving and inter island transportation among the 700 West Indian Islands.

The catamaran is equipped with twin 165-hp, turbocharged Perkins diesels and two 12.5-kw Perkins generators. With a design speed of 10 knots, the Majestic Lady, when fully loaded, will require a maximum draft of 3.5 feet. The shallow draft accommodates near shore anchoring enabling passengers to disembark via a gangplank directly onto the beach.

MARGARET CHASE SMITH Atlantic Marine Atlantic Marine, Inc., Fort George Island, Fla., delivered the 166Vi-foot ferryboat Margaret Chase Smith to the State of Maine Department of Transportation, last year.

With a passenger capacity of 226 and a car capacity of 30, the Margaret Chase Smith is powered by two Caterpillar D-3508TA diesel engines rated at 565 hp each at 1,200 rpm. The main engines are fitted to Caterpillar model 7241 reduction gears with a 3.54:1 ratio.

The vessel's electric power is supplied by two main generators and one emergency generator from Caterpillar, model D-3304, producing 55 kw each at 1,800 rpm. The main propulsion and generators will be keel cooled.

A hydraulically powered bowthruster from Schottel is also provided for maneuvering and docking operations.

The Margaret Chase Smith ferries between Isleboro and Lincolnville, Maine.

MOZART Deggendorfer Werft The 2,680-ton M/S Mozart, reportedly the world's largest river/ coastal cruise ship, was delivered during 1987 by Deggendorfer Werft und Eisenbau (DWE) GmbH to owners DDSG (Erste Donau-Dampfschiffarts- Gesellschaft) for operation on the Danube River.

Built at a cost of $24 million, the 398-foot Mozart is twin-engined with six-cylinder Deutz-MWM 628 Series diesel engines. Each engine is rated for a maximum continuous power of 1,185 kw at 1,000 rpm.

Electricity is supplied by three auxiliary sets equipped with Deutz- MWM 816 Series engines.

The double-bow, single-hull M/S Mozart, named for one of Austria's most illustrious conposers, appropriately uses titles of his operas and names of operatic characters for its decks, lounges, restaurants, etc. The fully air-conditioned, luxury vessel offers the "Figaro" deck with hot whirlpool, sauna, solarium, massage room, etc., the "Papageno" sundeck, the "Don Giovanni" deck with restaurant and large lounge with stage and ballroom, and the "Cafe Amadeus," and the "Magic Flute" restaurant, to name only a few.

PRIDE OF RAINY LAKE Munson Manufacturing Last year, Edmonds, Washington- based Munson Manufacturing Inc. delivered the 42-foot, 49-passenger tour boat Pride of Rainy Lake to Rainy Lake Cruises Inc. of International Falls, Minn. She is operated on Rainy Lake in the Voyageurs National Park on the Canadian border.

The Pride of Rainy Lake, is powered by twin Cummins VT-903 engines, each rated at 425 hp at 2,800 rpm. The engines are coupled with two large Hamilton 291 waterjets.

Waterjet propulsion was necessary because the boat must operate in shallow waters—sometimes less than five feet deep—in order for tourists to take a close look at the wildlife ashore. The boat draws only 2 feet 3 inches of water.

The Pride of Rainy Lake, which has a beam of 15 feet, has a spacious cabin with huge windows for visitor viewing. The cabin is fitted with perimeter seating and contains upholstered dining room seats that can be arranged in a variety of configurations, including on-board conferences attended by 20 to 30 persons.

PRINCESS PAT Huckins Yacht The Princess Pat, a 78-foot yacht, was delivered last year by Huckins Yacht Corporation, Inc.

The aft cockpit motoryacht's hull is of fiberglass/Airex® core construction.

Her two main engines are MAN B&W diesels rated at 760 shp at 2,300 rpm with ZF reduction gears. She features Arneson Surface Drives, model ASD 14 and two 38- inch, four-bladed Nibral surfacepiercing propellers. Her top speed in trials was 23.3 knots.

The two Arneson Surface Drives provide the Princess Pat with excellent maneuverability and performance.

Combining lightweight with the trimmable ASDs, the Princess Pat can float in as little as 3 feet 9 inches of water, even with 42-inch, four-bladed propellers.

SPIRIT OF NEW YORK Blount Marine In 1987, Blount Marine Corporation, Warren, R.I., delivered the 600-passenger cruise boat M/V Spirit of New York to her owners, Holiday Cruise IV Inc., a subsidiary of Cruise International.

With a 192-foot overall length, 35-foot beam and attractive, wellappointed interiors, the Spirit of New York is one the largest and most elegant dinner/cruise vessels in the U.S.

The Spirit of New York, which cruises on New York Harbor and the East and Hudson Rivers, is powered by a pair of Detroit Diesel 12V-71TI series engines coupled with Twin Disc MG-514 reduction gears with a 3.5:1 ratio. She is also fitted with a Blount-designed, shaft-driven flume thruster prop with a hydraulically actuated direction flo-rudder. The bowthruster engine is a Detroit Diesel 6-71 Series with a Twin Disc reduction gear.

Electrical power is supplied by two Lima 174-kw generators driven by two Detroit Diesel 8V-71 Series engines.

Her balconied main dining room features a winding staircase as well as custom-made etched glass panoramas depicting scenes of New York Harbor.

TREASURE QUEEN Freeport Shipbuilding Freeport Shipbuilding & Marine Repair, Inc., Freeport, Fla., delivered the 550-passenger excursion boat Treasure Queen, one of five passenger vessels delivered by the yard last year.

The Treasure Queen, which is operated in the Abaco Islands of the Bahamas, is powered by twin Caterpillar 3306 diesel engines, each rated at 190 hp at 2,000 rpm. She has an overall length of 92 feet, breadth of 32 feet and draft of AVi feet.

The Treasure Queen features three passenger decks, two enclosed and one sundeck. She is able to seat more than 200 people for dinner.

Freeport Shipbuilding specializes in custom designing and building all types of steel, U.S. Coast Guardapproved passenger vessels.

TWILIGHT Leevac Shipyards Leevac Shipyards, Jennings, La., delivered the 156-foot riverboat Twilight to her owners, River Cruises, last year.

The all-steel hulled Twilight is an authentic replica of a Mississippi riverboat. She is equipped with a diesel electric system that drives two 46-inch-diameter, five-bladed Columbian Bronze propellers through a General Electric Model GE 752-E8 locomotive traction motor.

It also operates a 60-hp electric motor-driven Schottel bow thruster.

The diesel-electric unit consists of two Cummins KTA19-GC1 diesel engines coupled to Newage, Model SC53E, 300-kw generators. The steering system is a mechanical, cable over wheel design and the vessel is also equipped with a Microphor MC200 marine sanitary system.

The 149-passenger vessel incorporates the Victorian steamboat architecture of the 1800s which includes carved woodwork on the columns and arches, and stained glass skylights in the dining salons. Ornamental fretwork and balustrades enclose the outside promenades of all three decks.

Maritime Reporter Magazine, page 16,  Jan 1988

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